外博词典,懂英语单词快速记忆法的在线英语词典

mean

初中CET4考研IELTSGRE

[min] [min]

vt.用意;意味着;预示;意义重大

vi.意欲

adj.吝啬的;刻薄的;低劣的;凶狠的;平均的;简陋的;出身卑贱的;<非正式>有效的

常用短语

  1. mean by

    意思是…

  2. mean time

    n. 平均时间(平均太阳时)

  3. mean value

    平均值,平均数

  4. 更多词组短语 »

场景例句

  1. Do you mean me?

    你指我吗?

    《柯林斯英汉双解大词典》

  2. Whatever do you mean?

    你究竟是什么意思?

    《牛津词典》

  3. What do you mean, bro?

    你是什么意思,兄弟?

    《柯林斯英汉双解大词典》

  4. 更多双语例句 »

反义词

同义词辨析

  • 以下词都有“想要,打算”的意思,区别是:
  • intend 较正式用词,但常用,指对未来的行动做出打算,并力争实现。

    mean 口语多用,指怀有作某事的想法或希望得到某物,特别用于效果不好而动机良好的场合。

  • 以下词都有“卑鄙的,卑贱的,卑下的”的意思,区别是:
  • low 指行为卑鄙、可耻、下文明,可引申指庸俗。

    mean 暗示狠毒、贪婪、缺乏尊严感等为人们所不耻的卑鄙、自私、渺小的行为。

    cheap 侧旨人或物的品质低劣下贱。

    shabby 指行为的不公和卑劣而使人感到不屑和轻蔑。

  • 以下词都有“表示……的意思”的意思,区别是:
  • mean 最普通用词。指文字或符号等所表示的各种明确的或含蓄的意义。

    imply 侧重用文字或符号表示的联想,暗示。

    indicate 指明显的表示。

    represent 指体现或代表。

    denote 指某一词字面或狭义的意思,或指某些符号或迹象的特指含义。

    signify 指用文字、说话或表情等表示单纯的意思。

    suggest 通常指暗含地、隐晦地表达意思。

    词根: -mean- 意思,小气,中间
  1. demean [dɪˈmin] vt. 使降低身份,使卑下

    demean: de-下 + mean 卑贱的 → 使卑下,降低身份

  2. mean [min] vt. 用意;意味着;预示;意义重大 vi. 意欲 adj. 吝啬的;刻薄的;低劣的;凶狠的;平均的;简陋的;出身卑贱的;<非正式>有效的

    mean: -mean-意思,小气,中间

单词家谱

鼠标或手指放在单词上看含义,点击单词看详细信息

mean 普通的,平庸的,吝啬的,小气的,刻薄的

来自古英语gemaene,普通的,公共的,一般的,来自Proto-Germanic*ga-mainiz,共有的,来自PIE*ko-moin,共有,公共,*ko,一起,词源同com-,*moin,交换,互通,词源同common,mutable.引申词义平庸的,后词义进一步贬义化,用于指吝啬的,小气的,刻薄的。

mean 表示

作“意欲,打算”时,来源于原始印欧语-men-(思考),史前西日耳曼语mainjan。和英语词根-memor-,-ment-(记忆,智力)同源;作“平均的”时,来源于拉丁语medius(中间的)和medianus,盎格鲁-诺曼底语meen和古法语meien。和英语词根-med-,-medi-(中间)同源。

mean 意思是,意味着

来自古英语maenan,意思是,打算,来自PIE*meino,意见,意图,来自*men,思考,思想,词源同mind,mania.

mean 中间的,中间值

来自拉丁语medianus,中间的,来自medius,在中间,词源同middle,medial.用于数学术语中间值等。

mean (v.1)

"intend, have in mind;" Middle English mēnen, from Old English mænan "intend (to do something), plan; indicate (a certain object) or convey (a certain sense) when using a word," from Proto-West Germanic *menjojanan (source also of Old Frisian mena "to signify," Old Saxon menian "to intend, signify, make known," Dutch menen, German meinen "think, suppose, be of the opinion"), from PIE *meino- "opinion, intent" (source also of Old Church Slavonic meniti "to think, have an opinion," Old Irish mian "wish, desire," Welsh mwyn "enjoyment"), perhaps from root *men- (1) "to think."

From late 14c. as "have intentions of a specified kind" (as in to mean well). Of a person or thing, "to be of some account, to matter (to)," by 1888. Conversational question you know what I mean? attested by 1834.

mean (adj.1)

c. 1200, mēne, "shared by all, common, general," a sense now obsolete, shortened from imene, from Old English gemæne "common, public, general, universal, shared by all," from Proto-Germanic *ga-mainiz "possessed jointly" (source also of Old Frisian mene, Old Saxon gimeni, Middle Low German gemeine, Middle Dutch gemene, Dutch gemeen, German gemein, Gothic gamains "common"), from PIE *ko-moin-i- "held in common," a compound adjective formed from collective prefix *ko- "together" (Proto-Germanic *ga-) + *moi-n-, suffixed form of PIE root *mei- (1) "to change; exchange." Compare second element in common (adj.), a word with a sense evolution parallel to that of this word.

Meaning "of common or low origin, inferior in rank or status" (of persons) is attested from early 14c. Sense of "ordinary, inferior in attainment or skill" is from late 14c. Also from late 14c. as "poor in quality, of little value," though this sense survived longer in American than in England. James Stirling, in "Letters from the Slave States" [London, 1857], mentioning mean whites (poor whites in the South who do manual labor and are looked down on by the slaves) notes, " 'Mean' is an Americanism for 'poor,' 'shabby.' They speak here of a 'mean' hotel, a 'mean' dinner, &c."

The pejorative sense of "without dignity of mind, destitute of honor, low-minded" is from 1660s; the specific sense of "stingy, niggardly" is recorded by 1755; the weaker sense of "disobliging, pettily offensive" is from 1839, originally American English slang. All these developments of the English word were furthered by its coincidence in form with mean (adj.2) "middle, middling," which also was used in disparaging senses, and OED notes that some usages of mean it cites "might be referred almost equally to the native and to the foreign adj.; the truth is probably that they are of mixed ancestry."

The inverted sense of "remarkably good" (as in plays a mean Rhythm Master) first recorded c. 1900, perhaps from phrase no mean _______ "not inferior" (1590s, also, "not average," reflecting further confusion with mean (adj.2.)).

mean (n.)

"that point, place, or state which is halfway between extremes;" c. 1300, originally in music, "a tone intermediate between two other tones," from Old French meien "middle, means, intermediary," noun use of adjective from Late Latin medianus "of or that is in the middle," from Latin medius "in the middle," from PIE root *medhyo- "middle."

The modern range of senses in English mostly appeared late 14c.: "course of action; method, way of attaining an end" (as in ways and means;by means of; by all means; by no means); also "the golden mean, moderation;" and "something physically between two extremes." The mathematical sense, "a quantity having a value intermediate between the values of other quantities, the average obtained by adding several quantities together and dividing the sum by their number" is from mid-15c. Some senses reflect confusion with mean (adj.1).

mean (v.2)

"calculate an arithmetical mean," 1882, from mean (n.).

mean (adj.2)

"occupying a middle or intermediate place;" mid-14c., of persons, "of middle rank" (but this is possibly from, or mixed with, mean (adj.1)); from Anglo-French meines (plural), Old French meien, variant of moiien "mid-, medium, common, middle-class" (12c., Modern French moyen), from Late Latin medianus "of the middle," from Latin medius "in the middle" (from PIE root *medhyo- "middle").

From late 14c. as "in a middle state, between two extremes." Meaning "intermediate in time, coming between two events or points in time" is from mid-15c. (the sense in meanwhile, meantime). The mathematical sense "intermediate in a number of greater or lesser values, quantities, or amounts" is from late 14c.

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