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night

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[naɪt] [naɪt]

n.夜;晚上;(举行盛事的)夜晚

常用短语

  1. by night

    adv. 在夜里

  2. at night

    在夜里

  3. night out

    节日的夜晚,外出的一夜

  4. 更多词组短语 »

场景例句

  1. We played dice all night.

    我掷了一夜的色子。

    《牛津词典》

  2. Did you score last night?

    你昨晚把她搞到手了吗?

    《牛津词典》

  3. The high lasted all night.

    那种快感持续了一整夜。

    《牛津词典》

  4. 更多双语例句 »

近义词

反义词

  • n. 夜;晚上;黑暗时期
  • day

同义词辨析

  • 以下词都有“夜,晚上”的意思,区别是:
  • evening 指日落到就寝之间的时间。

    night 指从日落到日出或从黄昏到拂晓这段时间。

    词根: -night- 夜晚
  1. night [naɪt] n. 夜;晚上;(举行盛事的)夜晚

    night: -night-夜晚

  2. fortnight [ˈfɔrtnaɪt] n. 两星期,十四天

    fortnight: fort 十四 + night 夜晚 → 十四天

单词家谱

鼠标或手指放在单词上看含义,点击单词看详细信息

night 夜,夜晚,黑暗

欧洲各语言表示“夜晚”的词汇,大多数共源于原始印欧语nokt(夜晚):例如希腊语nux、拉丁语nox(是英语nocturnal和nocturne的词源)、法语nuit,、大利语notte、西班牙语noche、威尔士语nos、拉脱维亚语nakts、俄语noch、德语和荷兰语nacht、瑞典语natt、丹麦语nat、英语night。唯一的例外是爱尔兰语“夜晚”的词汇oidhche,其来源未知。

【同源词】:nocturnal,nocturne

night 夜晚

来自PIE*nekwt,夜晚,词源同nocturnal,equinox.

night (n.)

late Old English niht (West Saxon neaht, Anglian næht, neht) "the dark part of a day; the night as a unit of time; darkness," also "absence of spiritual illumination, moral darkness, ignorance," from Proto-Germanic *nahts (source also of Old Saxon and Old High German naht, Old Frisian and Dutch nacht, German Nacht, Old Norse natt, Gothic nahts).

The Germanic words are from PIE *nekwt- "night" (source also of Greek nyx "a night," Latin nox, Old Irish nochd, Sanskrit naktam "at night," Lithuanian naktis "night," Old Church Slavonic nosti, Russian noch', Welsh henoid "tonight"), according to Watkins, probably from a verbal root *neg- "to be dark, be night." For spelling with -gh- see fight.  The vowel indicates that the modern English word derives from oblique cases (genitive nihte, dative niht).

The fact that the Aryans have a common name for night, but not for day (q.v.), is due to the fact that they reckoned by nights. [Weekley]

Thus in Old English combinations night was "the night before (a certain day or feast day);" compare German Weihnachten "Christmas," literally "holy night." In early times, the day was held to begin at sunset, so Old English monanniht "Monday night" was the night before Monday, or what we would call Sunday night; so saeterniht "Friday night." The Greeks, by contrast, counted their days by mornings.

To work nights preserves the Old English genitive of time. Night soil "excrement" (1770) is so called because it was removed (from cesspools, etc.) after dark. Night train is attested from 1838; night-school from 1520s; night-life "habitual nocturnal carousing" is attested from 1852.

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