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of

小学初中CET4考研IELTSGRE

[əv] [ʌv]

prep.关于;属于…的;由…制成

aux.助动词 [非标准用语、方言] =have [主用于虚拟语气]

常用短语

  1. of all

    在所有…当中

  2. of itself

    自行

场景例句

  1. We have nothing to complain of.

    我们没有什么可发牢骚的。

  2. We have great expectations of him.

    我们对他抱着很大的期望。

  3. The barn was full of bales of straw.

    这个谷仓堆满了成捆的麦杆。

    《柯林斯英汉双解大词典》

  4. 更多双语例句 »

近义词

单词家谱

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of 的,在,当

来自古英语of,来自Proto-Germanic*af,来自PIE*apo,离开,词源同前缀ab-,apo-,apogee.后作用连词使用,其原词义见off.

of (prep.)

Old English of, unstressed form of æf (prep., adv.) "away, away from," from Proto-Germanic *af (source also of Old Norse af, Old Frisian af, of "of," Dutch af "off, down," German ab "off, from, down"), from PIE root *apo- "off, away."

The primary sense in Old English still was "away," but it shifted in Middle English with use of the word to translate Latin de, ex, and especially Old French de, which had come to be the substitute for the genitive case. "Of shares with another word of the same length, as, the evil glory of being accessory to more crimes against grammar than any other." [Fowler]

Also by 1837 of in print could be a non-standard or dialectal representation of have as pronounced in unstressed positions (could of, must of, etc.)

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