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old

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[oʊld] [oʊld]

adj.老的;古老的;以前的;(用于指称被替代的东西)原来的

n.古时

常用短语

  1. of old

    古时的,从前

  2. how old

    几岁

  3. old age

    老年,晚年

  4. 更多词组短语 »

场景例句

  1. He's growing old.

    他正在变老。

    《柯林斯英汉双解大词典》

  2. We're old rivals.

    我们是老对头。

    《牛津词典》

  3. He's 58 years old.

    他58岁。

    《柯林斯英汉双解大词典》

  4. 更多双语例句 »

反义词

同义词辨析

  • 以下词都有“古代的,古老的”的意思,区别是:
  • ancient 指很久以前发生或存在的事物。用于描述历史时,指远古时代。

    old 指长期以来一直存在着的事物,与times连用指古代,与days连用时指从前或旧社会。

    antique 指已经很古老或颇有古风的事物,一般都具有较高价值。

    词根: -ol- 滋养,生长
  1. adolescent [ˌædə'lesnt] n. 青少年 adj. 青少年的;青春期的;未成熟的

    adolescent: ad-去 + -ol-生长 + -esce 动词后缀,起始 + -ent 拉丁语现在分词后缀 → 正在生长的 → 青少年的,未成熟的

  2. obsolesce [ˌɒbsə'les] v. 成为过时,成为废物

    obsolesce: obs-否定 + -ol-生长 + -esce 动词后缀,起始 → 不再生长 → 成为过时,成为废物

  3. old [oʊld] adj. 老的;古老的;以前的;(用于指称被替代的东西)原来的 n. 古时

    old: -ol-生长 + -d 过去分词后缀 → 长大了的 → 老的,古老的

  4. abolish [əˈbɒlɪʃ] vt. 废除,废止;取消,革除;消灭;撤销

    abolish: ob-否定 + -ol-生长 + -ish 动词后缀 → 使不再生长 → 废除,废止

  5. abolition [ˌæbəˈlɪʃn] n. 废除;废止;<美史>废除死刑;〈美〉废除黑奴制度

    abolition: ab-否定 + -ol-生长 → 使不再生长 → 废除,废止 + -ion 名词后缀

单词家谱

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old 老的

来自古英语ald,来自PIE*al,生长,成长,词源同adult,adolescent,elder.-d,过去分词后缀。即长大了的,变老的。

old 年老的,陈旧的,古老的

old最初的意义是“长大成人”,来自于史前西日耳曼语altha,其为意义为“生长,养育”的某动词的过去分词形式。

old (adj.)

Old English ald (Anglian), eald (West Saxon, Kentish) "antique, of ancient origin, belonging to antiquity, primeval; long in existence or use; near the end of the normal span of life; elder, mature, experienced," from Proto-Germanic *althaz "grown up, adult" (source also of Old Frisian ald, Gothic alþeis, Dutch oud, German alt), originally a past-participle stem of a verb meaning "grow, nourish" (compare Gothic alan "to grow up," Old Norse ala "to nourish"), from PIE root *al- (2) "to grow, nourish." The original Old English vowel is preserved in Scots auld, also in alderman. The original comparative and superlative (elder, eldest) are retained in particular uses.

The usual PIE root is *sen- (see senior (adj.)). A few Indo-European languages distinguish words for "old" (vs. young) from words for "old" (vs. new), and some have separate words for aged persons as opposed to old things. Latin senex was used of aged living things, mostly persons, while vetus (literally "having many years") was used of inanimate things. Greek geraios was used mostly of humans; palaios was used mostly of things, of persons only in a derogatory sense. Greek also had arkhaios, literally "belonging to the beginning," which parallels French ancien, used mostly with reference to things "of former times."

Old English also had fyrn "ancient," which is related to Old English feor "far, distant" (see far, and compare Gothic fairneis, Old Norse forn "old, of old, of former times," Old High German firni "old, experienced").

Meaning "of a specified age" (three days old) is from late Old English. Sense of "pertaining to or characteristic of the earlier or earliest of two or more stages of development or periods of time" is from late Old English. As an intensive, "great, high," mid-15c., now only following another adjective (gay old time, good old Charlie Brown). As a noun, "those who are old," 12c. Of old "of old times" is from late 14c.

Old age "period of life of advanced years" is from early 14c. Old Testament is attested from mid-14c. (in late Old English it was old law). Old lady "wife, mother" is attested from c. 1775 (but compare Old English seo ealde hlæfdige "the queen dowager"). Old man "man who has lived long" is from late Old English; the sense of "husband, father, boss" is from 1854, earlier (1830) it was military slang for "commanding officer;" old boy as a familiar form of address is by c. 1600. Old days "former times" is from late Old English; good old days, "former times conceived as better than the present," sometimes ironic, is by 1670s. Old Light (adj.), in religion, "favoring the old faith or principles," is by 1819.

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