外博词典,懂英语单词快速记忆法的在线英语词典

other

小学初中CET4考研IELTSGRE

[ˈʌðə(r)] [ˈʌðər]

adj.别的;其他的;(两个中的)另一个;其余的

pron.其他的;(指两个人或事物中的第二个)那个;(指一组中其余的人或事物)其余的;(指与说话人所在位置等相反的方向或地点)另一边

n.[the other]对立面;对立的事物

常用短语

  1. other half

    [口]那口子(指自己的配偶)

  2. each other

    彼此,互相

  3. one or other

    或者别个,不管哪一个

  4. 更多词组短语 »

场景例句

  1. We sat next to each other.

    我们紧挨着坐在一起。

    《牛津词典》

  2. The two boys hated each other.

    那两个男孩相互仇视。

    《牛津词典》

  3. Are there any other questions?

    还有其他问题没有?

    《牛津词典》

  4. 更多双语例句 »

同义词辨析

  • another 后接名词单数 another student

    other 后接名词复数, other students,

单词家谱

鼠标或手指放在单词上看含义,点击单词看详细信息

other 其它的

来自古英语other,来自PIE*an-tero,异化自PIE*al-tero,两个中的另外一个,来自*al,另外,其它,词源同alias,else,*tero,比较级后缀,词源同alternate,exterior.在古英语中鼻音n在摩擦音前自然脱落。

other (adj., pron.)

Old English oþer "second, the second of two; additional, further" (adj.), also as a pronoun, "one of the two; a different person or thing from the one in view," from Proto-Germanic *anthera- (source also of Old Saxon athar, Old Frisian other, Old Norse annarr, Middle Dutch and Dutch ander, Old High German andar, German ander, Gothic anþar "second, other").

These are from PIE *an-tero-(source of Lithuanian antras, Old Prussian anters "other, second), which is perhaps a variant of *al-tero- "the other of two" (source of Latin alter), from root *al- "beyond" + adjectival comparative suffix *-tero-.  Or the first element might be the pronoun *eno-, *ono- [Boutkan]. The Old English, Old Saxon, and Old Frisian forms show "a normal loss of n before fricatives" [Barnhart].

The sense of "second" was detached from this word in English (which now uses second (adj.), which is from Latin) and German (zweiter, from zwei "two") to avoid ambiguity. In Scandinavian, however, the second floor is still the "other" floor (Swedish andra, Danish anden). Also compare Old English oþergeara "next year."

As an adverb, "secondly" (late Old English); "otherwise" (c. 1200); "in addition" (mid-14c.).

The other woman "a woman with whom a man begins a love affair while he is already committed" is from 1855. The other day originally (late Old English) was "the next day;" later (c. 1300) "yesterday;" and now, loosely, "a day or two ago" (early 15c.). OED notes that the other place was euphemistic for Hell or "Oxford as regarded in Cambridge (and vice versa)." Phrase other half in reference to either the poor or the rich, is recorded from c. 1600.

La moitié du monde ne sçayt comment l'aultre vit. [Rabelais, "Pantagruel," 1532]
Halfe the world knowes not how the other halfe li[v]es. [George Herbert, "Outlandish Proverbs," 1640]
小程序码 手机访问 联系客服 返回顶部

扫码访问小程序

随时随地,掌上学习

手机访问外博网

随时随地,掌上学习

客服微信