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out

初中CET4考研IELTSGRE

[aʊt] [aʊt]

adv.出局;在外,在外部;完全,彻底;出版

prep.(表示来源)从;(从…里)出来;(表示不在原状态)脱离;离去

vt.使熄灭;揭露;驱逐

adj.外面的;出局的;下台的;外围的

n.不流行;出局

常用短语

  1. do out

    打扫,收拾

  2. go out

    出去,熄灭,过时

  3. out of

    由于,缺乏,自…离开,用…(材料)

  4. 更多词组短语 »

场景例句

  1. We're out of milk.

    我们没有牛奶了。

    《牛津词典》

  2. I shouted out"I'm OK!"

    我大声喊道,“我没事!”

    《柯林斯英汉双解大词典》

  3. The screen blanked out.

    屏幕突然变成一片空白。

    《牛津词典》

  4. 更多双语例句 »

反义词

  • adj. 外的,外侧的;
  • insafe

    词根: -out-
  1. out [aʊt] adv. 出局;在外,在外部;完全,彻底;出版 prep. (表示来源)从;(从…里)出来;(表示不在原状态)脱离;离去 vt. 使熄灭;揭露;驱逐 adj. 外面的;出局的;下台的;外围的 n. 不流行;出局

单词家谱

鼠标或手指放在单词上看含义,点击单词看详细信息

out 向外

来自古英语ut,向外,来自PIE*ud,向上,向外,离开,词源同utter.

out 在外,向外;出来,出现;发表;熄灭

来源于日耳曼语,在德语中为aus。

out (adv.)

expressing motion or direction from within or from a central point, also removal from proper place or position, Old English ut "out, without, outside," from Proto-Germanic *ūt- (Old Norse, Old Frisian, Old Saxon, Gothic ut, Middle Dutch uut, Dutch uit, Old High German uz, German aus), from PIE root *uidh- "up, out, up away, on high" (source also of Sanskrit ut "up, out," uttarah "higher, upper, later, northern;" Avestan uz- "up, out," Old Irish ud- "out," Latin usque "all the way to, continuously, without interruption," Greek hysteros "the latter," Russian vy- "out").

Sense of "to a full end, completely, to a conclusion or finish" is from c. 1300. Meaning "so as to be no longer burning or alight; into darkness" is from c. 1400. Of position or situation, "beyond the bounds of, not within," early 15c. Meaning "into public notice" is from 1540s; that of "away from one's place of residence," c. 1600. The political sense of "not in office, removed or ejected from a position" is from c. 1600. Meaning "come into sight, become visible" (of stars, etc.) is by 1610s. In radio communication, a word indicating that the speaker has finished speaking, by 1950.

As a preposition, "out of; from, away from; outside of, beyond; except; without, lacking;" mid-13c., from the adverb.

Meaning "from harmonious relations, into quarreling" (as in to fall out) is from 1520s. Meaning "from one's normal state of mind" (as in put out) is from 1580s; out to lunch "insane" is student slang from 1955. Adjectival phrase out-of-the-way "remote, secluded" is attested from late 15c. Out-of-towner "one not from a certain place" is from 1911. Out of this world "excellent" is from 1938; out of sight "excellent, superior" is from 1891. To (verb) it out "bring to a finish" is from 1580s. Expression from here on out "henceforward" is by 1942. Out upon, expressing abhorrence or reproach, is from early 15c.

out (v.)

Old English utian "expel, put out," from the source of out (adv.). It has been used in many specific senses over the years; the meaning "disclose to public view, reveal, make known" is by mid-14c.

Eufrosyne preyde Þat god schulde not outen hire to nowiht. ["Legendary of St. Euphrosyne," c. 1350]

Meaning "to expose as a closet homosexual" is first by 1990 (as an adjective meaning "openly avowing one's homosexuality" it dates from 1970s; see closet). To come out "declare oneself publicly as homosexual" is from 1968 and probably short for come out of the closet. Related: Outed; outing. Compare outen.

out (n.)

late 15c., "egress," from out (adj). From 1620s, "a being out" (of something), from out (adv.). From 1764 in politics as "the party which is out of office." From 1860 in the baseball sense "act of getting an opposing player out of active play." From 1919 as "means of escape; alibi."

out (adj.)

late Old English, "outer," from out (adv.). From mid-13c. as "that is or lies on the outside, exterior." Of a light or candle, "extinguished, no longer burning," c. 1300.  Sense of "no longer secret" is by 1713. Sense in baseball (1860) was earlier in cricket (1746). Meaning "unconscious" is attested from 1898, originally in boxing from the notion of "defeated ('out') by failing to rise within a 10-count." To be out on one's feet is from 1952. From 1966 as "unfashionable, not stylish, popular, or modern."

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