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over

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[ˈəʊvə(r)] [ˈoʊvə(r)]

prep.(表示方向)越过;(部份或全部覆盖)在…上面;由于;(表示论及)关于

adv.结束;再;(倒)下;从一边至另一边

adj.过去的;外面的;在上的;上级的

n.额外;剩余;剩余(或多余)的量;剩余物

int.[电信学]报文完,请回复!

vt.走过,跳过;[美国方言]从…恢复过来

常用短语

  1. do over

    重做,粉刷

  2. go over

    复习,重温,仔细检查,转变,润色

  3. all over

    到处,遍及,浑身,全部结束

  4. 更多词组短语 »

场景例句

  1. He's over 50.

    他已年过半百。

    《牛津词典》

  2. I beckoned her over.

    我招手叫她过来。

    《柯林斯英汉双解大词典》

  3. His gaze roamed over her.

    他聚精会神地上下打量她。

    《牛津词典》

  4. 更多双语例句 »

近义词

反义词

  • prep. 在...之上;支配
  • under

同义词辨析

  • 以下词都有“在……上”的意思,区别是:
  • above 一般指位置高于某物,但不一定在正上方,也不接触另一物,其反义词是below。

    on 指与另一物表面相接触。

    over 指一物在另一物的垂直上方,多暗示悬空,但也含"覆盖于……之上"之意。其反义词是under。

  • 以下词都有“横过,穿过”的意思,区别是:
  • across 指"从……的一边到另一边",强调横过,多与动态动词连用。

    along 指沿着一条直线在水平方向上运动。一般表动态,有时也与静态动词连用。

    over 常和动态动词连用,指"从……上面越过"或"横越";表静态时,指"在彼处"。

    through 侧重从一端穿到另一端。

单词家谱

鼠标或手指放在单词上看含义,点击单词看详细信息

over 在上,超过

来自古英语ofer,来自Proto-Germanic*uberi,来自PIE*uper,向上,在上,来自PIE*upo的比较级,词源同up,super.引申词义超过。

over (prep., adv.)

Old English ofer "beyond; above, in place or position higher than; upon; in; across, past; more than; on high," from Proto-Germanic *uberi (source also of Old Saxon obar, Old Frisian over, Old Norse yfir, Old High German ubar, German über, Gothic ufar "over, above"), from PIE root *uper "over."

As an adjective from Old English uffera. The senses of "past, done,  finished; through the whole extent, from beginning to end" are attested from late 14c. The sense of "so as to cover the whole surface" is from c. 1400. Meaning "leaning forward and down" is from 1540s. The meaning "recovered from" is from 1929. In radio communication, it is used to indicate the speaker has finished speaking (1926).

Above expresses greater elevation, but not necessarily in or near a perpendicular direction; over expresses perpendicularity or something near it: thus, one cloud may be above another, without being over it. Over often implies motion or extension where above would not; hence the difference in sense of the flying of a bird over or above a house, the hanging of a branch over or above a wall. In such uses over seems to represent greater nearness. [Century Dictionary]

Phrase over and above (mid-15c.) is pleonastic, for emphasis. Adjective phrase over-the-counter is attested from 1875, originally of stocks and shares. To be (someone) all over "be exactly what one expects of (someone)" is by 1721.

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