外博词典,懂英语单词快速记忆法的在线英语词典

people

初中CET4考研IELTSGRE

[ˈpi:pl] [ˈpipəl]

n.人,人类;居民;人民;种族

vt.居住于,布满;使住满人,在…殖民;把动物放养在

常用短语

  1. good people

    好人

  2. most people

    多数人

  3. many people

    许多人,很多人,好多人

  4. 更多词组短语 »

场景例句

  1. They're very odd people.

    他们那些人都很古怪。

    《牛津词典》

  2. The people are so phony.

    这些人太假了。

    《柯林斯英汉双解大词典》

  3. People idealize the past.

    人们总是把过去理想化。

    《柯林斯英汉双解大词典》

  4. 更多双语例句 »

同义词辨析

  • 以下词都有“民族,种族”的意思,区别是:
  • nation 特指居住于同一区域,有共同历史、语言、文化及心理素质等的人类群体。

    people 侧重指由有共同文化、社会基础而所形成的人民整体。

    race 专指有共同祖先和相同肤色、面部特征等遗传特征以及共同风俗等的人群。

  • 以下词都有“人们,人群”的意思,区别是:
  • people 最普通用词,不带任何色彩,泛指不确定数量的人们。

    masses 指群众或平民,在西方国家含贬义,在我国含褒义。

    crowd 本义指一大群紧紧聚集在一起的人群,现指群众整体,由个体结合的人群或大众。

    through与crowd含义很接近,常可换用,但侧重指向前运动的群众。

    mob 含贬义,指乌合之众、暴民。

    词根: -popul- 人民,大众
  1. popular [ˈpɑpjələ(r)] adj. 流行的,通俗的;受欢迎的;大众的;普及的

    popular: -popul-大众 + -ar 形容词后缀 → 大众的 → 流行的,受欢迎的

  2. populate [ˈpɑpjuleɪt] vt. 居住于;构成人口;移民于;殖民于

    populate: -popul-人民 + -ate 动词后缀 → 使成为人民 → 居住于,构成人口

  3. populace [ˈpɑpjələs] n. 百姓;平民;人口

    populace: -popul-人民 + -ace 名词后缀 → 平民,百姓,人口

单词家谱

鼠标或手指放在单词上看含义,点击单词看详细信息

people 人,民众

来自拉丁语populus,人民,民众,词源同population,popular.

people (n.)

c. 1300, peple, "humans, persons in general, men and women," from Anglo-French peple, people, Old French pople, peupel "people, population, crowd; mankind, humanity," from Latin populus "a people, nation; body of citizens; a multitude, crowd, throng," a word of unknown origin. Based on Italic cognates and derivatives such as populari "to lay waste, ravage, plunder, pillage," Populonia, a surname of Juno, literally "she who protects against devastation," the Proto-Italic root is said to mean "army" [de Vaan]. An Etruscan origin also has been proposed. The Latin word also is the source of Spanish pueblo, Italian popolo. In English, it displaced native folk.

Sense of "Some unspecified persons" is from c. 1300. Meaning "body of persons comprising a community" is by mid-14c. (late 13c. in Anglo-French); the meaning "common people, masses" (as distinguished from the nobility) is from late 13c. The meaning "members of one's family, tribe, or clan" is from late 14c.

The word was adopted after c. 1920 by Communist totalitarian states, according to their opponents to give a spurious sense of populism to their governments. It is based on the political sense of the word, "the whole body of enfranchised citizens (considered as the sovereign source of government power," attested from 1640s. This also is the sense in the legal phrase The People vs., in U.S. cases of prosecution under certain laws (1801).

The people are the only censors of their governors: and even their errors will tend to keep these to the true principles of their institution. To punish these errors too severely would be to suppress the only safeguard of the public liberty. The way to prevent these irregular interpositions of the people is to give them full information of their affairs thro’ the channel of the public papers, and to contrive that those papers should penetrate the whole mass of the people. [Jefferson to Edward Carrington, Jan. 16, 1787]

People of the Book "those whose religion entails adherence to a book of divine revelation" (1834) translates Arabic Ahl al-Kitab

people (v.)

mid-15c., peplen, "to provide (a land) with inhabitants" (transitive), also "inhabit, populate, fill or occupy as inhabitants" (intransitive, implied in peopled), from people (n.), or else from Old French popler, peupler, from Old French peuple. Related: Peopling.

小程序码 手机访问 联系客服 返回顶部

扫码访问小程序

随时随地,掌上学习

手机访问外博网

随时随地,掌上学习

客服微信