外博词典,懂英语单词快速记忆法的在线英语词典

place

小学初中CET4考研IELTSGRE

[ples] [ples]

n.地方;住所;座位

vt.放置;任命;寄予

vi.名列前茅;取得名次

常用短语

  1. place on

    强加于

  2. in place

    适当,适当的,在适当的地方,在恰当的位置

  3. place in

    安排,放置

  4. 更多词组短语 »

场景例句

  1. This place is heavenly.

    这个地方好极了。

    《牛津词典》

  2. That place is a madhouse.

    那地方是个喧闹之地。

    《柯林斯英汉双解大词典》

  3. I have no place else to go.

    我没有其他地方可去。

    《牛津词典》

  4. 更多双语例句 »

近义词

反义词

同义词辨析

  • 以下词都有“放”的意思,区别是:
  • lay 指小心地把人或物平放或横放,侧重动作安稳。

    place 较正式用词,指把某物放在一个正确的位置上,侧重动作的正确。

    put 普通用词,含义较广泛。指把人或物置于某处,并将其留在该处。

    set 普通用词,指为了某种目的而将人或物放在一定位置上。指物是多指立着放。

  • 以下词都有“职位”的意思,区别是:
  • place 指任何不分高低贵贱的职位;有时侧重指在政府、法庭所谋求的职位。

    position 侧重指社会地位较高,工作较为庄重,领取工资的职位。

    post 普通用词,指人的职务,职位,岗位。

    situation 正式用词,一般指雇员或为富有人家工作所担任的职位,现多见于广告中。

  • 以下词都有“地点,位置,场所”的意思,区别是:
  • place 含义广泛,最普通用词,既可指很小的地点,又可指很大很远的地方或场所。

    position 多指物体相对于其他物体所处的位置或状态。

    spot 指相对较小的特定地点或事物所在地。

    situation 指物体在其周围环境中所处的位置或状态,侧重地点或场所的环境特征。

    site 指或大或小的地方,既可指供专门用途或特定活动的地点,又可指某一事件的地址。

    location 指某物设置的方向或地点。

    locality 指某物所处的客观位置和周围地区。

    setting 一般特指戏剧或小说所写的环境或场所。

    scene 常指真实事件或虚构故事发生的地点。

    词根: -plac- 放置
  1. place [ples] n. 地方;住所;座位 vt. 放置;任命;寄予 vi. 名列前茅;取得名次

    place: -plac-放置 + -e 名词或动词后缀

  2. misplace [ˌmɪs'pleɪs] vt. 放错地方;忘记把…放在什么地方;错误地信任某人

    misplace: mis-错误 + -plac-放置 + -e 动词后缀

  3. emplace [ɪm'pleɪs] v. 放列,安置,安放

    emplace: em-进入 + -plac-放置 → 放进去 → 安置,安放 + -e 动词后缀

  4. outplace ['aʊtˌpleɪs] v. 安排新工作;取代;挤出;(网球比赛中)投球超越

    outplace: out-出 + -plac-放置 → 放出去 → 挤出,取代 + -e 动词后缀

  5. replace [rɪˈples] vt. 替换;代替;把…放回原位;(用…)替换

    replace: re-重新 + -plac-放置 → 重新放置 → 用新物品替换旧物品 → 替换,代替 + -e 动词后缀

  6. displace [dɪsˈples] vt. 移动,移走;替换,取代;排水;撤职

    displace: dis-否定 + -plac-放置 → 不再放置 → 从放置的地方弄走 → 移走,撤职 + -e 动词后缀

单词家谱

鼠标或手指放在单词上看含义,点击单词看详细信息

place 位置,地点,放置,安置

来自拉丁语placea,地点,位置,来自platea,庭院,开阔地,来自PIE*plat,铺平,展开,来自PIE*pele,放平,展开,词源同plan,plate.并引申诸多词义。

place (n.)

c. 1200, "space, dimensional extent, room, area," from Old French place "place, spot" (12c.) and directly from Medieval Latin placea "place, spot," from Latin platea "courtyard, open space; broad way, avenue," from Greek plateia (hodos) "broad (way)," fem. of platys "broad," from PIE root *plat- "to spread."

Replaced Old English stow and stede. From mid-13c. as "particular part of space, extent, definite location, spot, site;" from early 14c. as "position or place occupied by custom, etc.; precedence, priority in rank or dignity; social status, position on some social scale;" from late 14c. as "inhabited place, town, country," also "place on the surface of something, portion of something, part." Meaning "a situation, appointment, or employment" is by 1550s. Meaning "group of houses in a town" is from 1580s.

Also from the same Latin source are Italian piazza, Catalan plassa, Spanish plaza, Middle Dutch plaetse, Dutch plaats, German Platz, Danish plads, Norwegian plass. The word appears via the Bible in Old English (Old Northumbrian plaece, plaetse "an open place in a city"), but the modern word is a reborrowing.

Sense of "a mansion with its adjoining grounds" is from mid-14c.; that of "building or part of a building set apart for some purpose is by late 15c. (in place of worship). Meaning "a broad way, square, or open space in a city or town," often having some particular use or character (Park Place, Waverly Place,Rillington Place) is by 1690s, from a sense in French. Its wide application in English covers meanings that in French require three words: place, lieu, and endroit. Cognate Italian piazza and Spanish plaza retain more of the etymological sense.

To take place "happen, come to pass, be accomplished" (mid-15c., earlier have place, late 14c.), translates French avoir lieu. To know (one's) place "know how to behave in a manner befitting one's rank, situation, etc." is from c. 1600, from the "social status" sense; hence the figurative expression put (someone) in his or her place (1855). In in the first place, etc., it has the sense of "point or degree in order of proceeding" (1630s). Out of place "not properly adjusted or placed in relation to other things" is by 1520s. All over the place "in disorder" is attested from 1923.

place (v.)

mid-15c., placen, "to determine the position of;" also "to put (something) in a particular place or position," from place (n.). The meaning "put or set (a number of things) in position or order, arrange" is from 1540s. Related: Placed; placing.

Sense of "to find a home, situation, marriage, etc. for" is from 1590s. The horse racing sense of "to achieve a certain position" (usually in the top three finishers; in U.S., specifically second place) is attested by 1924, from earlier meaning "to state the position of" (among the first three finishers), 1826.

小程序码 手机访问 联系客服 返回顶部

扫码访问小程序

随时随地,掌上学习

手机访问外博网

随时随地,掌上学习

客服微信