外博词典,懂英语单词快速记忆法的在线英语词典

program

CET4CET6考研IELTSGRE

[ˈproʊgræm] [ˈproʊgræm]

n.程序;节目,节目单;计划,安排

v.[计]给…编写程序;为…制定计划;设计安排活动;编排

常用短语

  1. tv program

    电视节目

  2. main program

    主程序

  3. test program

    检验程序,试验程序

  4. 更多词组短语 »

场景例句

  1. The program aired last week.

    该节目已于上周播出。

    《牛津词典》

  2. We must map out program step by step.

    我们必须逐步制定我们的规划。

  3. The program won't load. What am I doing wrong?

    这程序载入不了。我哪里出错了?

    《牛津词典》

  4. 更多双语例句 »
    词根: -gram- 写,画,文字,图形
  1. gram [ɡræm] n. 绿豆;鹰嘴豆;绿豆种子;克

    gram: -gram-写,画 → 原义是在重量上写的一个字母 → 法国在1799年用于公制重量体系中,克

  2. grammar [ˈɡræmɚ] n. 语法;语法书;(学术的)基本原理;(人的)语言知识及运用能力

    grammar: -gramm-写 + -ar 名词后缀 → 语言的书写规则 → 语法

  3. program [ˈproʊgræm] n. 程序;节目,节目单;计划,安排 v. [计]给…编写程序;为…制定计划;设计安排活动;编排

    program: pro-在前 + -gram-写 → 提前写好的东西 → 计划、程序、节目等

  4. diagram [ˈdaɪəˌɡræm] n. 图表;图解;示意图;[数]线图 vt. 用图表示;图解

    diagram: dia-全 + -gram-图 → 全部用图表示 → 图解

  5. monogram [ˈmɑnəgræm] n. 字母组合

    monogram: mono-单个 + -gram-写,字母 → 把几个字母组合成一个字母的图案 → 字母组合

  6. epigram [ˈɛpɪˌɡræm] n. 机智的短诗,警句,讽刺诗

    epigram: epi-在……上 + -gram-写 → 刻写在石碑上的文字 → 警句

  7. ideogram [ˈɪdiəˌɡræm, ˈaɪdi-] n. 表意文字,意符

    ideogram: -ideo-思想 + -gram-写 → 表达意思的文字 → 表意文字

单词家谱

鼠标或手指放在单词上看含义,点击单词看详细信息

program (程序):书面的活动通告

英语单词program来自希腊语programma,由pro(往前)+gramma(写、画)构成,字面意思就是“书写出来的东西”,指的是书面公告。进入英语后原本指的也是“书面公告”。由于此类公告通常不是法律方面的,而是关于一些活动的预告、办事指南之类,因此program一词逐渐用来表示公告所涉及的内容本身,如活动、计划、程序、节目等。

program 计划,规划,纲要;节目单,节目;(计算机)程序

词根词缀:pro-前 + -gram-写,画 → 提前写好的内容

program 程序,计划,方案

来自pro-,向前,朝向,-gram,写。引申诸相关词义。

program (n.)

1630s, "public notice," from Late Latin programma "proclamation, edict," from Greek programma "a written public notice," from stem of prographein "to write publicly," from pro "forth" (see pro-) + graphein "to write" (see -graphy).

 The meaning "written or printed list of pieces at a concert, playbill" is recorded by 1805 and retains the original sense. The sense of "broadcasting presentation" is from 1923.

The general sense of "a definite plan or scheme, method of operation or line of procedure prepared or announced beforehand" is recorded from 1837. The computer sense of "series of coded instructions which directs a computer in carrying out a specific task: is from 1945.

The sense of "objects or events suggested by music" is from 1854 (program music is attested by 1877). Spelling programme, established in Britain, is from French in modern use and began to be used early 19c., originally especially in the "playbill" sense.

program (v.)

1889, "write program notes" (a sense now obsolete); 1896 as "arrange according to program," from program (n.).

Of computers, "cause to be automatically regulated in a prescribed way" from 1945; this was extended to animals by 1963 in the figurative sense of "to train to behave in a predetermined way;" of humans by 1966. Related: Programmed; programming.

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