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right

小学初中CET4考研IELTSGRE

[raɪt] [raɪt]

adv.立刻,马上;向右,右边;恰当地;一直

adj.右方的;正确的;合适的;好的,正常的

n.正确,正当;右边;权利;右手

vt.纠正;扶直,使正;整理;补偿

vi.(船舶等)复正,恢复平稳

常用短语

  1. of right

    按照法律

  2. right up

    一直等到,直到

  3. right on

    [俚]好极了(表示支持、鼓励),你说得对

  4. 更多词组短语 »

场景例句

  1. He did it right.

    他做得对。

    《牛津词典》

  2. You're dead right!

    你完全正确!

    《牛津词典》

  3. You might be right.

    你或许是对的。

    《柯林斯英汉双解大词典》

  4. 更多双语例句 »

近义词

反义词

同义词辨析

  • 以下词都有“准确的,正确的”的意思,区别是:
  • accurate 指通过谨慎的努力达到符合事实或实际,侧重不同程度的准确性,与事实无出入。

    exact 着重在质与量方面的准确,语气比accurate强。

    precise 侧重极端准确,更强调细节的精确无误。

    right 使用广泛,可与这些词中的correct换用,但常暗示道德、理解、行动等方面的正确。

    true 暗指绝对准确,尤指复制品与原件丝毫不差。

    correct 最常用词,主要指按一定标准或规则来衡量,没有谬误和差错或无缺点错误。

  • 以下词都有“权利”的意思,区别是:
  • right 普通用词,指某人或某物拥有符合法律、道义或道德的权利。

    privilege 指特许或恩施的权利,也指一般人或物所没有的有利条件。

    词根: -right- 正,直
  1. right [raɪt] adv. 立刻,马上;向右,右边;恰当地;一直 adj. 右方的;正确的;合适的;好的,正常的 n. 正确,正当;右边;权利;右手 vt. 纠正;扶直,使正;整理;补偿 vi. (船舶等)复正,恢复平稳

    right: -right-正,直 → 正确 → 引申义公正,正义,权利 → 引申义右边

  2. upright [ˈʌpˌraɪt] adj. 直立的;垂直的;正直的;诚实的 adv. 垂直[竖立]地 n. (支撑用的)直柱,立放构件

    upright: up-向上 + -right-直 → 向上直立 → 直立,垂直,正直

  3. copyright [ˈkɑpiraɪt] n. 版权,著作权 adj. 受版权保护的;版权的 vt. 获得…的版权

    copyright: copy 复制 + right 权利 → 复制的权力 → 版权

单词家谱

鼠标或手指放在单词上看含义,点击单词看详细信息

right (右边的,正确的):左凶右吉的迷信

英语单词right既表示“右边的”,又表示“正确的”。为什么“右边的”就是“正确的”呢?原来,这跟西方的左凶右吉的迷信有关。在西方,人们普遍认为右边代表吉利,左边代表凶兆。在观鸟占卜时,若鸟从右侧飞入,主吉,称为dexter;若鸟从左侧飞入,则表示凶象,称为sinister。所以单词dexter既表示“右边的”,又表示“幸运的”,单词sinister既表示“左边的”,同时又表示“凶兆的”。同样,单词right既表示“右”,也表示“正确”,而单词left既表示“左”,同时还含有“弱、愚蠢、卑贱”的含义,但这层意思现在很少使用。

在圣经中,在末日审判时,神让善人站在右边,让恶人站在左边。右边的善人上天堂,而左边的恶人下地狱。在大多数英语国家中,婚礼上新娘站在新郎的左边,象征女性属于次要地位。

right 直的,正确的,右边的,正确,公正,权利

来自古英语 riht,直的,好的,正确的,来自 Proto-Germanic*rekhtaz,直的,来自 PIE*reg,拉直,升直,词源同 regulate,correct,regal.后由正确的引申词义右边的,以及名词词义公正,正义,权利等。右边与好的,正确的相联系来自传统观念,参照印度人右手吃饭,左手入厕。

right (adj.1)

[correct, morally correct, direct] Old English riht, of actions, "just, good, fair, in conformity with moral law; proper, fitting, according to standard; rightful, legitimate, lawful; correct in belief, orthodox;" of persons or their characters, "disposed to do what is good or just;" also literal, "straight, not bent; direct, being the shortest course; erect," from Proto-Germanic *rehtan (source also of Old Frisian riucht "right," Old Saxon reht, Middle Dutch and Dutch recht, Old High German reht, German recht, Old Norse rettr, Gothic raihts), from PIE root *reg- "move in a straight line," also "to rule, to lead straight, to put right" (source also of Greek orektos "stretched out, upright;" Latin rectus "straight, right;" Old Persian rasta- "straight; right," aršta- "rectitude;" Old Irish recht "law;" Welsh rhaith, Breton reiz "just, righteous, wise").

Compare slang straight (adj.1) "honest, morally upright," and Latin rectus "right," literally "straight," Lithuanian teisus "right, true," literally "straight." Greek dikaios "just" (in the moral and legal sense) is from dike "custom."

By 1580s as "in conformity with truth, fact, or reason; correct, not erroneous;" of persons, "thinking or acting in accordance with truth or the facts of the case," 1590s. Of solid figures, "having the base at right angle with the axis," 1670s. The sense of "leading in the proper or desired direction" is by 1814. As an emphatic, meaning "you are right," it is recorded from 1580s; use as a question meaning "am I not right?" is by 1961. Extended colloquial form righto is attested by 1896.

The sense in right whale (by 1733) is said in dictionaries to be "justly entitled to the name" (a sense that goes back to Old English); earliest sources for the term, in New England whaling publications, list it first among whales and compare the others to it. Of persons who are socially acceptable and potentially influential (the right people) by 1842.

Right stuff "best human ingredients" is from 1848, popularized by Tom Wolfe's 1979 book about the first astronauts. Right angle is from late 14c. The right way originally was "the way of moral righteousness, the path to salvation" (Old English); the sense of "correct method, what is most conducive to the end in vision" is by 1560s. The sense in in one's right mind is of "mentally normal or sound" (1660s).

right (adj.2)

"opposite of left," early 12c., riht, from Old English riht, which did not have this sense but meant "good, proper, fitting, straight" (see right (adj.1)). It is a specialized development of the adjective that apparently began in late Old English on the notion of the right hand as normally the stronger of the two, or perhaps the "correct," hand. By c. 1200 this was extended to that side of the body, then to its limbs, clothing, etc., and then transferred to other objects.

The usual Old English word for the opposite of left was swiþra, literally "stronger." "The history of words for 'right' and 'left' shows that they were used primarily with reference to the hands" [Buck]. Similar sense evolution in Dutch recht, German recht "right (not left)," from Old High German reht, which meant only "straight, just." Compare Latin rectus "straight; right," also from the same PIE root.

The usual PIE root (*deks-) is represented by Latin dexter. Other derivations on a similar pattern to English right are French droit, from Latin directus "straight;" Lithuanian labas, literally "good;" and Slavic words (Bohemian pravy, Polish prawy, Russian pravyj) from Old Church Slavonic pravu, literally "straight" (from PIE *pro-, from root *per- (1) "forward," hence "in front of, before, first, chief").

The political sense of "conservative" is recorded by 1794 (adj.), 1825 (n.), a translation of French Droit "the Right, Conservative Party" in the French National Assembly (1789; see left (adj.)).

right (v.)

Old English rihtan "to straighten (a path); rule, set up, set right, amend; guide, govern; restore, replace," from riht (adj.); see right (adj.1). Compare Old Norse retta "to straighten," Old Saxon rihtian, Old Frisian riuchta, German richten, Gothic garaihtjan.

From late 14c. as "avenge or redress" (a wrong or injury). The meaning "bring (a ship) back to an upright position" is by 1745; the sense of "recover one's balance or footing" is by 1805. The meaning "restore (something) to proper position after a fall, etc." is by 1823. Related: Righted; righting.

right (n.)

Old English riht (West Saxon, Kentish), reht (Anglian), "that which is morally right, duty, obligation," also "rule of conduct; law of a land;" also "what someone deserves; a just claim, what is due, equitable treatment;" also "correctness, truth;" also "a legal entitlement (to possession of property, etc.), a privilege," from Proto-Germanic *rehtan (see right (adj.1)). In Middle English often contrasted to might or wrong. From early 14c. as "a right action, a good deed," hence the right "that which is just or true, righteousness."

From what has been said it will be seen that the adjective right has a much wider signification than the substantive Right. Every thing is right which is conformable to the Supreme Rule of human action ; but that only is a Right which, being conformable to the Supreme Rule, is realized in Society, and vested in a particular person. Hence the two words may often be properly opposed. We may say that a poor man has no Right to relief, but it is right he should have it. A rich man has a Right to destroy the harvest of his fields, but to do so would not be right. [William Whewell, "Elements of Morality," 1858]

The meaning "the right hand or right side" (as opposed to the left) is from mid-13c.; see right (adj.2) for sense development. As "the right wing of an army" by 1707. Political use is from 1825. Meaning "a blow with the right fist" is from 1898; the meaning "a right-hand turn" is by 1961. The phrase to rights "at once, straightway" is 1660s, from an earlier meaning "in a proper manner" (Middle English). Adjectival phrase right-to-work is attested from 1958; right-to-die by 1976. To do or something in one's own right (1610s) is from the legal use for "title or claim to something possessed by one or more" (12c.).

right (adv.)

Old English rehte, rihte "in a straight or direct manner; in a right manner, justly; precisely, exactly" (as in right now); "according to rule; according to fact or truth, correctly," from right (adj.1). Compare Old Saxon rehto, Old Frisian riuchte, Middle Dutch richte, German recht, adverbs from the adjectives.

Its use with adjectives (right smart, right nice, etc.) now is U.S. colloquial but dates to c. 1200 and is in Chaucer, Malory, Jonson, Coleridge. In titles of address from late 14c. Right on as an exclamation of approval is recorded by 1925 in African-American vernacular, popularized mid-1960s by the Black Panther movement.

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