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say

小学初中CET4考研IELTSGRE

[ seɪ] [ seɪ]

vi.说, 讲;表明,宣称;假设;约莫

vt.表明;念;说明;比方说

n.发言权;说话;要说的话;发言权

常用短语

  1. say on

    v. 说下去

  2. say yes

    vt. 同意(允诺,承认),说对

  3. they say

    据说,人们说

  4. 更多词组短语 »

场景例句

  1. What d'you say?

    你说什么?

    《柯林斯英汉双解大词典》

  2. What did he say?

    他说了什么?

    《柯林斯英汉双解大词典》

  3. I didn't say owt.

    我什么也没说。

    《牛津词典》

  4. 更多双语例句 »

同义词辨析

  • 以下词都有“说,讲”的意思,区别是:
  • say 最普通常用词,指用语言表达思想,着重所说的内容。

    speak 侧重于说话动作的本身,着重说话的能力而不在内容,可以是长篇大论的演讲,也可以是三言两语的交谈,甚至指简单的开口发声说话。

    state 较正式用词,通常指用明确的语言或文字着重地叙述事实,既强调内容又注重语气。

    talk 普通用词,侧重指与人交谈时的连续说话,可指单方面较长谈话,和speak一样,着重说活动作而不侧重内容。

    tell 普通用词,指把某事告诉或讲述给某人听,口语或书面语均可用。

    utter 着重说话的行为,常指声音的使用,突出用噪子发声。

    词根: -say-
  1. say [ seɪ] vi. 说, 讲;表明,宣称;假设;约莫 vt. 表明;念;说明;比方说 n. 发言权;说话;要说的话;发言权

    say: -say-说

  2. aforesaid [əˈfɔrˌsɛd, əˈfor-] adj. 上述的,前述的(常用于法律文件)

    aforesaid: afore 在前 + said 说过的

单词家谱

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say 说,讲,告知,表达

来自古英语 secgan,说,告知,来自 Proto-Germanic*sagjanan,说,告知,来自 PIE*sekw,说,告知,词源同 saga,saw.引申诸相关词义。

say (v.)

Middle English seien, from Old English secgan "to utter, inform, speak, tell, relate," from Proto-Germanic *sagjanan "to say" (source also of Old Saxon seggian, Old Norse segja, Danish sige, Old Frisian sedsa, Middle Dutch segghen, Dutch zeggen, Old High German sagen, German sagen "to say").

Watkins has this from a PIE *sokwyo-, from a root *sekw- (3) "to say, utter" (source also of Hittite shakiya- "to declare," Lithuanian sakyti "to say," Old Church Slavonic sociti "to vindicate, show," Old Irish insce "speech," Old Latin inseque "to tell say"). Some further see this as identical to the PIE root *sekw- (1) "to follow" (with semantic development to "see" and then "speak"). But others doubt it and Boutkan gives it "No certain PIE etymology."

The past tense form said developed from Old English segde. Impersonal use (it is said) was in Old English. The notion in shall we say, etc. (1580s) is "suppose, take for granted." On that analogy, impersonal say is used as an introduction word, or parenthetically, with a clause and meaning "suppose, assume" (c. 1600). Its colloquial use as an expression of surprise, etc. is by 1830.

Not attested before 1930 in use with inanimate objects (clocks, signs, etc.) as subjects. You said it! "you're right" is attested by 1919; you can say that again as a phrase expressing agreement is by 1925, American English colloquial. You don't say(so) as an expression of astonishment (often ironic) is attested by 1779. The Society of American Florists' advertising slogan say it with flowers dates to 1918 from it grew other say it with constructions.

say (n.)

1570s, "what someone says," hence "what one has in him to say, a declaration or statement," from say (v.). The Old English noun secge meant "speech."

The meaning "right or authority to be heard in a matter or influence a decision" is from 1610s in have a say; earlier in this sense was have a saying (late 15c.). Extended form say-so "personal assertion" is recorded by 1630s; in the sense of "power, authority" it is by 1896. 

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