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school

小学初中CET4考研IELTSGRE

[skul] [skul]

n.学校;上学;学院,大学;群

vt.训练,锻炼;教育,教导;约束;给…上学

常用短语

场景例句

  1. He's in law school.

    他在读法学院。

    《牛津词典》

  2. He's at law school.

    他在读法学院。

    《牛津词典》

  3. Did you shine at school?

    你在学校出类拔萃吗?

    《柯林斯英汉双解大词典》

  4. 更多双语例句 »

同义词辨析

  • 以下词都有“学院,大学”的意思,区别是:
  • college 多指大学内的学院,分科学院或科目较少的高等学校。

    university 主要指综合大学,一般由多个学院组成。当泛指大学时通常用college表示。

    institute 指设立有专门学科的学院,如外语学院、地质学院、建筑学院等。

    school 指大学所属的学院或系。

    academy 指(高等)专科院校或研究专门学术的学校。

    词根: -school- 闲暇
  1. school [skul] n. 学校;上学;学院,大学;群 vt. 训练,锻炼;教育,教导;约束;给…上学

    school: -school-闲暇 → 给有闲暇时间的人上课的地方 → 学校

单词家谱

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school (学校):有闲人呆的地方

School这个词是从希腊语schole一词来的,意思是“闲暇”。在古希腊人看来,即些从事战争和搞政治的人是辛苦的,而只有“闲暇”的人才有时间读 书学习。后来,古希腊的哲学家亚里士多德、柏拉图给青年讲课的地方就被称作schole,这个词以后转成拉丁语词school,后又被英语借用。

和school密切相关的还有一个词:scholar(学者)。同样道理,这个词是指那些有“闲暇”时间读书、研究,构思以及进行学术讨论的人。

school 学校;(大学里的)学院,系;学派,流派

来源于拉丁语名词schola,-ae,f(学校)。

同源词:scholar归类:nursery 幼儿园 primary school,elementary school 小学 junior high school 初中 senior high school 高中 academy,college,institute 学院 university 大学graduate school 研究生院

school 学校,学院,学派

来自拉丁语 schola,授课,讲堂,学校,字面意思即空闲,可以学习的时间,来自希腊语 skhole,空闲的时间,学习的地方,来自 skhein,持有,得到,支配,来自 PIE*segh,持有,拥有,词

school 鱼群,人群,群集

来自中古荷兰语 schole,鱼群,来自 West-Germanic*skulo,群集,来自 PIE*skel,切,分开,词 源同 scale,shell,shoal.引申词义人群,群集等。

school (n.1)

[place of instruction] Middle English scole, from Old English scol, "institution for instruction," from Latin schola "meeting place for teachers and students, place of instruction;" also "learned conversation, debate; lecture; disciples of a teacher, body of followers, sect," also in the older Greek sense of "intermission of work, leisure for learning."

This is from Greek skholē "spare time, leisure, rest, ease; idleness; that in which leisure is employed; learned discussion;" also "a place for lectures, school;" originally "a holding back, a keeping clear," from skhein "to get" (from PIE root *segh- "to hold") + -olē by analogy with bolē "a throw," stolē "outfit," etc.

The basic sense of the Greek word is "leisure," which passed to "otiose discussion" (in Athens or Rome, the favorite or proper use of free time), then it came to be used for the place for such discussion.

The Latin word was widely borrowed (in addition to Old French escole, French école, Spanish escuela, Italian scuola; Old High German scuola, German Schule, Swedish skola, Gaelic sgiol, Welsh ysgol, Russian shkola).

The meaning "students attending a school" in English is attested from c. 1300; the sense of "school building" is by 1590s. Sense of "people united by a general similarity of principles and methods" is from 1610s; hence school of thought (by 1848). As an adjective by mid-18c., "pertaining to or relating to a school or to education."

School of hard knocks "rough experience in life" is by 1870; to tell tales out of school "betray damaging secrets" is from 1540s. School-bus is from 1908. School days is from 1590s. School board "local committee of education" is by 1836; school district "division of a town or city for the management of schools" is by 1809.

school (n.2)

[large number of fish] late 14c., scole, from Middle Dutch schole (Dutch school) "group of fish or other animals" (porpoises, whales), which is cognate with Old English scolu "band, troop, crowd of fish," both from West Germanic *skulo- (source also of Old Saxon scola "troop, multitude," West Frisian skoal), perhaps with a literal sense of "division," and from PIE root *skel- (1) "to cut." Compare shoal (n.2)), the assibilated form of the same word. For possible sense development, compare section (n.) from Latin secare "to cut."

school (v.1)

"educate, instruct;" also "reprimand, discipline, reprove," mid-15c., scolen, from school (n.1). Especially "to train or discipline thoroughly and strictly," as in a school (1570s).

school (v.2)

"collect or swim in schools," as fish, 1590s, from school (n.2). Related: Schooled; schooling.

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