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small

小学初中CET4考研IELTSGRE

[smɔl] [smɔl]

adj.小的;难为情的;低级的,卑劣的;细微的,微弱的

adv.小小地;卑鄙地

n.细小部分,腰部;琐碎东西;身份低的人;矮小的人

常用短语

  1. no small

    不小的,相当大的

  2. small part

    少部分,细小零件

  3. small size

    小号,小码,小尺寸

  4. 更多词组短语 »

场景例句

  1. They have three small children.

    他们有三个年幼的孩子。

    《牛津词典》

  2. He showed her to a small cabin.

    他把她带到一间小房舱。

    《柯林斯英汉双解大词典》

  3. They kept a small flock of sheep.

    他们养了一小群绵羊。

    《柯林斯英汉双解大词典》

  4. 更多双语例句 »

近义词

反义词

同义词辨析

  • 以下词都有“小的”的意思,区别是:
  • little 指在体积、数量、距离、年龄、身材等方面比正常的小,多带主观感情色彩,含小而可爱或小巧的意味。

    small 多指数量、面积、体积、价值、数字或意义等的小或少,指略小于正常的大小。

    tiny 强调与同类或其他物体比较,小得超

    出正常比例,有时带强烈的感情色彩。

    minute 指小得难看见,有时需用显微镜才看得见。

    miniature 指由正常体积微缩的物体。

    词根: -small- 小的
  1. small [smɔl] adj. 小的;难为情的;低级的,卑劣的;细微的,微弱的 adv. 小小地;卑鄙地 n. 细小部分,腰部;琐碎东西;身份低的人;矮小的人

    small: -small-小的

单词家谱

鼠标或手指放在单词上看含义,点击单词看详细信息

small 小的,小号的,年幼的

来自古英语 smael,小的,狭窄的,苗条的,来自 Proto-Germanic*smalaz,小的,来自 PIE*smal,小的。引申诸相关比喻义。

small (adj.)

Old English smæl "thin, slender, narrow; fine," from Proto-Germanic *smal- "small animal; small" (source also of Old Saxon, Danish, Swedish, Middle Dutch, Dutch, Old High German smal, Old Frisian smel, German schmal "narrow, slender," Gothic smalista "smallest," Old Norse smali "small cattle, sheep"), perhaps from a PIE root *(s)melo- "smaller animal" (source also of Greek melon, Old Irish mil "a small animal;" Old Church Slavonic malu "bad"). Original sense of "narrow" now almost obsolete, except in reference to waistline and intestines.

My sister ... is as white as a lilly, and as small as a wand. [Shakespeare, "Two Gentlemen of Verona," 1591]

Sense of "not large, of little size" developed in Old English. Of children, "young," from mid-13c. Meaning "inferior in degree or amount" is from late 13c. Meaning "trivial, unimportant" is from mid-14c. Sense of "having little property or trade" is from 1746. That of "characterized by littleness of mind or spirit, base, low, mean" is from 1824. As an adverb by late 14c.

Small fry, first recorded 1690s of little fish, 1885 of insignificant people. Small potatoes "no great matter, something petty or insignificant" is attested by 1924; small change "something of little value" is from 1902; small talk "chit-chat, trifling conversation" (1751) first recorded in Chesterfield's "Letters." Small world as a comment upon an unexpected meeting of acquaintances is recorded from 1895. Small-arms, indicating those capable of being carried in the hand (contrasted to ordnance) is recorded from 1710.

small (n.)

early 13c., "small person or animal," from small (adj.). From c. 1300 as "persons of low rank" (opposed to great); late 15c. as "the small part" of something (such as small of the back, 1530s).

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