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start

初中CET4考研IELTSGRE

[stɑrt] [stɑrt]

vt.开始;启动

vi.出发

n.开始;起点

常用短语

  1. start in

    开始

  2. start at

    开始于…,以…开始,因…吃惊

  3. start up

    v. 开始,发动,突然站起,突然出现

  4. 更多词组短语 »

场景例句

  1. I start work at nine.

    我每天九点开始工作。

    《牛津词典》

  2. They start work at dawn.

    天一亮他们就开始干活了。

    《牛津词典》

  3. You gave me quite a start!

    你吓了我一大跳!

    《牛津词典》

  4. 更多双语例句 »

反义词

同义词辨析

  • 以下词都有“开始”的意思,区别是:
  • begin 最常用词,含义广泛,其反义词是end,多用于行动、工作等的开始。

    start 在许多场合可与begin通用,但start侧重动作的起点。

    commence 可与begin换用,但commence系书面正式用词,语气庄重,特指有正式程序或一定仪式,或某种正式行动的"开始"。

    initiate 指创始或发起,侧重某过程的第一步,不考虑结束,强调起始。

    inaugurate 指正式而隆重的开始。

  • 以下词都有“离开某处”的意思,区别是:
  • depart 较正式用词,指经过周密考虑或郑重地离开,强调离开的起点。

    leave 侧重出发地而不是目的地。

    go 一般用词,指从所在地到其它地方去,着重目的地而非出发地。

    start 可与leave换用,强调目的地,但不及leave普通。

    quit 侧重指离开令人烦恼的地方,或摆脱使人不快的人或事。

    set out 书面用词。

    词根: -start-
  1. start [stɑrt] vt. 开始;启动 vi. 出发 n. 开始;起点

    start: -start-跳 → 突然移动 → 开始一个旅程 → 开始,出发

  2. startle [ˈstɑrtl] vt. 使震惊,使大吃一惊;使惊跳,使惊吓 vi. 惊吓;受惊;惊跳 n. 惊愕;惊恐;震惊,吃惊;惊跳

    startle: -start-跳 + -le 动词后缀,反复 → 比喻义惊跳,吃惊,震惊

单词家谱

鼠标或手指放在单词上看含义,点击单词看详细信息

start 开始,启动

来 自 中 古 英 语 sterten,突 然 跳 起,冲 出,来 自 古 英 语 styrtan,跳 动,跳 起,来 自 Proto-Germanic*stirtana,跳动,跳起,跌倒,摔倒,来自 PIE*ster,僵的,硬的,固定的,词源 同 startle,sterile.引申词义开始,启动等。

start 尾巴,屁股

来自中古英语 start,来自古英语 steort,屁股,尾巴,来自 Proto-Germanic*stertaz 硬的,直的,来自 PIE*ster,僵的,硬的,固定的,词源同 startle,sterile.

start 开始,开端;开办,着手;(人)动身,出发;(机器)开动;吃惊,惊起

来源于日耳曼语start-,原始意义是“跳跃”,逐步演变为“突然移动”“开始一个旅程”,到18世纪末,“开始”的意义才成形。

【同源词】:startle

start (v.)

Old English *steortian, *stiertan, Kentish variants of styrtan "to leap up" (attested only in Northumbrian past participle sturtende), from Proto-Germanic *stert- (source also of Old Frisian stirta "to fall, tumble," Middle Dutch sterten, Dutch storten "to rush, fall," Old High German sturzen, German stürzen "to hurl, throw, plunge"). According to Watkins, the notion is "move briskly, move swiftly," and the Proto-Germanic word is from PIE root *ster- (1) "stiff."

From "move or spring suddenly," sense evolved by c. 1300 to "awaken suddenly, flinch or recoil in alarm," and by 1660s to "cause to begin acting or operating." Meaning "begin to move, leave, depart" (without implication of suddenness) is from 1821. The connection probably is from sporting senses ("to force an animal from its lair," late 14c.). Transitive sense of "set in motion or action" is from 1670s; specifically as "to set (machinery) in action" from 1841.

Related: Started; starting. To start something "cause trouble" is 1915, American English colloquial. To start over "begin again" is from 1912. Starting-line in running is from 1855; starting-block in running first recorded 1937.

start (n.)

late 14c., "an involuntary movement of the body, a sudden jump," from start (v.). Meaning "act of beginning to move or act" is from 1560s. Meaning "act of beginning to build a house" is from 1946. That of "opportunity at the beginning of a career or course of action" is from 1849. Paired with finish (n.) from at least 1839. False start first attested 1850.

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