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take

小学初中CET4考研IELTSGRE

[tek] [tek]

vt.拿,取;采取;接受(礼物等);耗费(时间等)

vi.拿;获得

n.镜头;看法;收入额;场景

常用短语

  1. take in

    接受,理解,拘留,欺骗,让…进入,改短

  2. take up

    拿起,开始从事

  3. take on

    承担,呈现,具有,流行,接纳,雇用,穿上

  4. 更多词组短语 »

场景例句

  1. Let me take your coat.

    让我帮您拿外套吧。

    《柯林斯英汉双解大词典》

  2. Take any book you like.

    你喜欢哪本书就拿哪本。

    《牛津词典》

  3. Take it to the kitchen.

    把它拿到厨房去。

  4. 更多双语例句 »

近义词

反义词

同义词辨析

  • 以下词都有“接受,接纳”的意思,区别是:
  • accept 强调主动地或自愿地接受,或者说,经过考虑后同意接受。

    receive 着重仅仅接到或收到这一支轮船或事实,而不含采取主动或积极行动的意思。

    admit 作"接受"讲时,强调准许或批准。

    take 与receive同意,是receive的日常用法,侧重不带主观意愿地收下或接受。

  • 以下词都有“带,拿,取”的意思,区别是:
  • bring 指从某处把人或物带到或拿到说话者所在的地点,强调方向,不着重方式。

    carry 指把物品从一个地方带到另一个地方,不涉及方向,只强调方式。

    take 指从说话人或说话人心目中所在处把某人或某物带离开,带到离说话者有一定距离的地方,与bring的方向正相反,侧重方向,不着重方式。

    fetch 指一往一返,相当于go and bring,去取了东西或带人再返回到出发处。

    get 口语用词,与fetch基本同义,语气随便。

    convey 指通过中间人传递信息,或以某种方式把人或物送到目的地。

    transport 指使用车辆或机械设备把人或货物从一处运载到另一处。

  • 以下词都有“花费”的意思,区别是:
  • cost 指花费时间、金钱、劳力等。其主语是物,而不能由人充当,也不用被动形式。

    expend 较正式用词,通常指为某一专门目的而花费大量金钱、时间或精力。

    spend 普通用词,与cost基本同义,但主语必须是人。

    take 普通用词,指需要占用空间、时间或精力等,其主语可以是人,也可以是一件事情。

  • 以下词都有“抓住,握紧”的意思,区别是:
  • take 最普通用词,不带感情色彩。指用手抓、取某东西或控制某物。

    grasp 指紧紧抓住、抓牢。

    grab 指粗暴而急迫的抓住。

    grip 语气比grasp强,指用手的最大力量紧紧抓住。

    clasp 指用手紧握或用臂紧抱。

    clutch 强调匆忙、紧急地抓、抓紧。

    snatch 指突然抢走,侧重动作更快或更具暴力性质。

    seize 指突然抓住某物,强调突然的猛烈动作。

    词根: -take- 拿,带
  1. take [tek] vt. 拿,取;采取;接受(礼物等);耗费(时间等) vi. 拿;获得 n. 镜头;看法;收入额;场景

    take: -take-拿,带

  2. mistake [mɪˈstek] n. 错误,过失,误解;差错,口误,笔误;失策,失误 vt.& vi. 弄错,误解 vt. 认不出;误会;看错 vi. 弄错;误解

    mistake: mis-错的 + take 拿 → 拿错 → 引申词义错误,失误

  3. undertake [ˌʌndərˈteɪk] vt. 承担,从事;保证;同意,答应;承诺

    undertake: under-在下 + take 拿 → 在下方拿 → 承担

  4. overtake [ˌoʊvərˈteɪk] vt. 追上,赶上;压倒;(不愉快的事)突然降临

    overtake: over-在上,超过 + take 拿 → 在上方拿:压倒,超过拿:赶上

单词家谱

鼠标或手指放在单词上看含义,点击单词看详细信息

take 携带,拿走,取走

来自古英语 tacan,抓住,拿走,来自 Proto-Germanic*tak,抓住,拿走,可能来自 PIE*tag,接触,操纵,控制,词源同 tangent,tact.

take 拿,拿走,取,抓,占领,获得,接受

来源于古斯堪的纳维亚语taka

take (v.)

late Old English tacan "to take, seize," from a Scandinavian source (such as Old Norse taka "take, grasp, lay hold," past tense tok, past participle tekinn; Swedish ta, past participle tagit), from Proto-Germanic *takan- (source also of Middle Low German tacken, Middle Dutch taken, Gothic tekan "to touch"), from Germanic root *tak- "to take," of uncertain origin, perhaps originally meaning "to touch."

As the principal verb for "to take," it gradually replaced Middle English nimen, from Old English niman, from the usual West Germanic verb, *nemanan (source of German nehmen, Dutch nemen; see nimble).

OED calls take "one of the elemental words of the language;" take up alone has 55 varieties of meaning in that dictionary's 2nd print edition. Basic sense is "to lay hold of," which evolved to "accept, receive" (as in take my advice) c. 1200; "absorb" (take a punch) c. 1200; "choose, select" (take the high road) late 13c.; "to make, obtain" (take a shower) late 14c.; "to become affected by" (take sick) c. 1300.

Take five is 1929, from the approximate time it takes to smoke a cigarette. Take it easy is recorded by 1880; take the plunge "act decisively" is from 1876; take the rap "accept (undeserved) punishment" is from 1930. Phrase take it or leave it is recorded from 1897. To take (something) on "begin to do" is from late 12c. To take it out on (someone or something) "vent one's anger on other than what caused it" is by 1840.

take (n.)

1650s, "that which is taken," from take (v.). Sense of "money taken in" by a single performance, etc., is from 1931. Movie-making sense is recorded from 1927. Criminal sense of "money acquired by theft" is from 1888. The verb sense of "to cheat, defraud" is from 1920. On the take "amenable to bribery" is from 1930.

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