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tell

小学初中CET4考研IELTSGRE

[tɛl] [tɛl]

vt.告诉,说;辨别;吩咐;讲述

vt.& vi.分辨,辨别;告诉,吩咐;泄漏;保证

vi.泄密,告发;(颜色、声音等)显示;识别

n.[考古学](古代村落遗址堆积而成的)台形土墩;[方言]讲的话;谈话;传闻

常用短语

  1. tell on

    告发,对…产生效果

  2. tell of

    讲述

  3. tell all

    和盘道出

  4. 更多词组短语 »

场景例句

  1. Do what I tell you.

    你要照我的吩咐做。

    《牛津词典》

  2. Tell me why you did it.

    告诉我你为什么这样做。

    《牛津词典》

  3. Maybe you should tell her.

    也许你应该告诉她。

    《牛津词典》

  4. 更多双语例句 »

反义词

同义词辨析

  • 以下词都有“说,讲”的意思,区别是:
  • say 最普通常用词,指用语言表达思想,着重所说的内容。

    speak 侧重于说话动作的本身,着重说话的能力而不在内容,可以是长篇大论的演讲,也可以是三言两语的交谈,甚至指简单的开口发声说话。

    state 较正式用词,通常指用明确的语言或文字着重地叙述事实,既强调内容又注重语气。

    talk 普通用词,侧重指与人交谈时的连续说话,可指单方面较长谈话,和speak一样,着重说活动作而不侧重内容。

    tell 普通用词,指把某事告诉或讲述给某人听,口语或书面语均可用。

    utter 着重说话的行为,常指声音的使用,突出用噪子发声。

    词根: -tell- 计算,告诉
  1. tell [tɛl] vt. 告诉,说;辨别;吩咐;讲述 vt.& vi. 分辨,辨别;告诉,吩咐;泄漏;保证 vi. 泄密,告发;(颜色、声音等)显示;识别 n. [考古学](古代村落遗址堆积而成的)台形土墩;[方言]讲的话;谈话;传闻

    tell: -tell-告诉 → 引申词义讲述

单词家谱

鼠标或手指放在单词上看含义,点击单词看详细信息

tell 数数,告诉,告知

来自古英语 tellan,计算,数数,思考,来自 Proto-Germanic*taljan,计算,来自 PIE*del,计算,词源同 tale,talk.引申词义告诉,告知。原词义见 teller,会计,出纳。

tell 告诉,讲述;泄露,吐露;辨别,区别

来源于史前日耳曼语talo(口传信息)。

同源词:tale,talk

tell (v.)

Old English tellan "to reckon, calculate, number, compute; consider, think, esteem, account" (past tense tealde, past participle teald), from Proto-Germanic *taljan "to mention in order" (source also of Old Saxon tellian "tell," Old Norse telja "to count, number; to tell, say," Old Frisian tella "to count; to tell," Middle Dutch and Dutch tellen, Old Saxon talon "to count, reckon," Danish tale "to speak," Old High German zalon, German zählen "to count, reckon"), from PIE root *del- (2) "to count, reckon" (see tale).

Meaning "to narrate, announce, relate" in English is from c. 1000; that of "to make known by speech or writing, announce" is from early 12c. Sense of "to reveal or disclose" is from c. 1400; that of "to act as an informer, to 'peach' " is recorded from 1901. Meaning "to order (someone to do something)" is from 1590s. To tell (someone) off "reprimand" is from 1919.

Original sense in teller and phrase tell time. For sense evolution, compare French conter "to count," raconter "to recount;" Italian contare, Spanish contar "to count, recount, narrate;" German zählen "to count," erzählen "to recount, narrate." Klein also compares Hebrew saphar "he counted," sipper "he told."

tell (n.)

"mound, hill," 1864, from Arabic tall, related to Hebrew tel "mount, hill, heap." Compare Hebrew talul "lofty," Akkadian tillu "woman's breast."

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