外博词典,懂英语单词快速记忆法的在线英语词典

the

小学初中CET4考研IELTSGRE

[ðə] [ði]

art.指已提到的人(物);指说话人与听者已知的人(物);用于独一无二的事物前;与形容词最高级和序数词连用

场景例句

  1. The old feel the cold more than the young.

    老年人比年轻人怕冷。

    《牛津词典》

  2. The police covered the exits to the building.

    警方用枪封锁了那栋大楼的出口。

    《牛津词典》

  3. The report exposes the injustices of the system.

    报告揭露了这个制度的种种不公正。

    《牛津词典》

  4. 更多双语例句 »

单词家谱

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the 那个

来自古英语 the,那个,来自 PIE*to,指示代词,词源同 this,that.

the

definite article, late Old English þe, nominative masculine form of the demonstrative pronoun and adjective. After c.950, it replaced earlier se (masc.), seo (fem.), þæt (neuter), and probably represents se altered by the th- form which was used in all the masculine oblique cases.

Old English se is from PIE root *so- "this, that" (source also of Sanskrit sa, Avestan ha, Greek ho, he "the," Irish and Gaelic so "this"). For the þ- forms, see that. The s- forms were entirely superseded in English by mid-13c., excepting a slightly longer dialectal survival in Kent. Old English used 10 different words for "the," but did not distinguish "the" from "that." That survived for a time as a definite article before vowels (that one or that other).

Adverbial use in the more the merrier, the sooner the better, etc. is a relic of Old English þy, the instrumentive case of the neuter demonstrative (see that).

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