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they

小学初中CET4考研IELTSGRE

[ðeɪ] [ðe]

pron.他/她/它们;人们,大家;政府,当局;她们

场景例句

  1. What are they up to?

    他们安的是什么心?

  2. One by one they got out.

    他们一个一个地走了出去。

  3. They knew they had been rumbled.

    他们知道自己已经被识破了。

    《牛津词典》

  4. 更多双语例句 »

单词家谱

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they 他们

来自中古英语 they,thei,来自古诺斯语 their,来自 Proto-Germanic*thai,复数指示代词,那些的,来自 PIE*to,指示代词,词源同 this,that.

they (pron.)

c. 1200, from a Scandinavian source (Old Norse þeir, Old Danish, Old Swedish þer, þair), originally masculine plural demonstrative pronoun, from Proto-Germanic *thai, nominative plural pronoun, from PIE *to-, demonstrative pronoun (see that). Gradually replaced Old English hi, hie, plurals of he, heo "she," hit "it" by c. 1400. Colloquial use for "anonymous people in authority" is attested from 1886. They say for "it is said" is in Milton.

The most important importation of this kind [from Scandinavian to English] was that of the pronomial forms they, them and their, which entered readily into the system of English pronouns beginning with the same sound (the, that, this) and were felt to be more distinct than the old native forms which they supplanted. Indeed these were liable to constant confusion with some forms of the singular number (he, him, her) after the vowels has become obscured, so that he and hie, him and heom, her (hire) and heora could no longer be kept easily apart. [Jespersen, "Growth and Structure of the English Language"]
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