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this

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[ðɪs] [ðɪs]

pron.这,这个;这事,这人;这时;下面所说的事

adj.这,这个;刚过去的,即将到来的;今…,本…

adv.这样地;就是这样;这么地

场景例句

  1. This is all I have.

    这就是我的全部家当。

  2. This knife won't cut.

    这把刀不快。

    《牛津词典》

  3. This carpet stains easily.

    这块地毯不耐脏。

    《牛津词典》

近义词

反义词

  • pron. 这,这个
  • that

同义词辨析

  • that 指代上文所提到的, I was ill. That's why…

    this 导出下文所要说的

单词家谱

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this 这,这个

来自古英语 this,这个,来自 North Sea Germanic*tha-si,这个,来自 PIE*to,指示代词,词源同 that,they.-s,在 North Sea Germanic 表限定性后缀。

this (pron.)

Old English þis, neuter demonstrative pronoun and adjective (masc. þes, fem. þeos), probably from a North Sea Germanic pronoun *tha-si-, formed by combining the base *þa- (see that) with -s, which is probably identical with Old English se "the" (representing here "a specific thing"), or with Old English seo, imperative of see (v.) "to behold." Compare Old Saxon these, Old Frisian this, Old Norse þessi, Middle Dutch dese, Dutch deze, Old High German deser, German dieser.

Once fully inflected, with 10 distinct forms; the oblique cases and other genders gradually fell away by 15c. The Old English plural was þæs (nominative and accusative), which in Northern Middle English became thas, and in Midlands and Southern England became thos. The Southern form began to be used late 13c. as the plural of that (replacing Middle English tho, from Old English þa) and acquired an -e (apparently from the influence of Middle English adjective plurals in -e; compare alle from all, summe from sum "some"), emerging early 14c. as modern those.

About 1175 thes (probably a variant of Old English þæs) began to be used as the plural of this, and by 1200 it had taken the form these, the final -e acquired via the same mechanism that gave one to those.

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