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to

小学初中CET4考研IELTSGRE

[tə] [tu,tə]

prep.向,朝着;到;关于;属于

adv.朝一个方向的;到某种状态;关闭

常用短语

  1. to and fro

    来回地

场景例句

  1. I'm going to go to bed.

    我打算上床睡觉。

    《柯林斯英汉双解大词典》

  2. He's itching to get back to work.

    他巴不得马上回去工作。

    《牛津词典》

  3. Children craned to get close to him.

    孩子们伸长脖子想靠近他。

    《柯林斯英汉双解大词典》

  4. 更多双语例句 »

近义词

反义词

同义词辨析

  • 以下词都有“应该,应当”的意思,区别是:
  • ought to 侧重反映客观情况,多在涉及法律、道义、责任、义务或原则时使用。

    should 侧重自己的主观看法,语气比ought to稍弱一些。

单词家谱

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to 朝,向

来自古英语 to,朝向,在某方向,来自 West-Germanic*to,朝向,来自 PIE*do,指示代词词干,朝,向,衍生前缀 de-.

to (prep.)

Old English to "in the direction of, for the purpose of, furthermore," from West Germanic *to (source also of Old Saxon and Old Frisian to, Dutch toe, Old High German zuo, German zu "to"), from PIE pronominal base *do- "to, toward, upward" (source also of Latin donec "as long as," Old Church Slavonic do "as far as, to," Greek suffix -de "to, toward," Old Irish do, Lithuanian da-), from demonstrative *de-. Not found in Scandinavian, where the equivalent of till (prep.) is used.

The nearly universal use of to with infinitives (to sleep, to dream, etc.) arose in Middle English out of the Old English dative use of to, and it helped drive out the Old English inflectional endings (though in this use to itself is a mere sign, without meaning).

Commonly used as a prefix in Middle English (to-hear "listen to," etc.), but few of these survive (to-do, together, and time references such as today, tonight, tomorrow — Chaucer also has to-yeere). To and fro "side to side" is attested from mid-14c. Phrase what's it to you "how does that concern you?" (1819) is a modern form of an old question:

Huæd is ðec ðæs?
[John xxi:22, in Lindisfarne Gospel, c.950]
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