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turn

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[tɜrn] [tɜrn]

v.使转动;旋转;转身;翻转

n.转动;转向;转弯处;转变

常用短语

  1. turn up

    出现,发生,开大,发现,卷起,使仰卧

  2. turn on

    打开,发动

  3. turn in

    交上,归还,拐入,告发,[口]上床睡觉

  4. 更多词组短语 »

场景例句

  1. Could you turn the TV up?

    你能把电视机的音量开大些吗?

    《牛津词典》

  2. Please turn on the radio.

    请把收音机打开。

  3. Whose turn is it to cook?

    轮到谁做饭了?

    《牛津词典》

  4. 更多双语例句 »

近义词

反义词

  • vt. 使转动;使变化
  • fix

同义词辨析

  • 以下词都有“变成,成为”的意思,区别是:
  • become 最普通用词,作为连系动词,指从一个状态向另一个状态的变化。

    get 常指某人或某物有意无意地获得引起变化的因素,结果使变成另一状态。

    grow 常指逐渐地变成新状态,强调渐变的过程。

    turn 侧重指变得与原来截然不同,有时含贬义。

    go 作为连系动词,通常与形容词连用,指进入某种状态,从而发生变化,多指不好的状态。

    come 侧重变化的经过或过程,多用于不良情况。

  • 以下词都有“变化,改变”的意思,区别是:
  • change 指任何变化,完全改变,强调与原先的情况有明显的不同。

    alter 常指轻微的改变,强调基本上保持原物、原状的情况下所进行的部分改变。

    vary 暗示不规则或断断续续地变。

    convert 指进行全部或局部改变以适应新的功能或用途。指信仰或态度时,强调较激烈、大的改变。

    modify 强调起限定作用的变化或变更。指细小的变化,常含"缓和、降调"的意味。

    transform 指人或物在形状、外观、形式、性质等方面发生的彻底变化,失去原状成为全新的东西。

    turn 指外形、颜色、气味、性质等方面的变化,比change更通俗。

  • 以下词都有“转动,旋转”的意思,区别是:
  • rotate 侧重指物体围绕自己的轴或中心旋转,即自转。

    revolve 强调指物体围绕本身以外的中心旋转,即公转。

    roll 指某物在平面上滚动或翻滚。

    spin 指沿内轴迅速而连续旋转,或沿外部一个点作快速圆周运转。

    turn 普通用词,中性,含义不确切,可指作一个圆周运动或连续地作圆周运动,也可指仅是沿圆的弧形转动。

    whirl 指旋转或作圆周运动,侧重急速或力量。

    circle 指作圆周运动。

    词根: -turn-
  1. turn [tɜrn] v. 使转动;旋转;转身;翻转 n. 转动;转向;转弯处;转变

    turn: -turn-转 → 转动,转向,转变

  2. return [rɪˈtɜrn] v. 回来;退还;重现;回报 n. 回来;归还;恢复;利润

    return: re-往回 + -trun-转 → 转回去 → 回来,归还,重现,恢复

  3. overturn [ˌoʊvərˈtɜrn] vt.& vi. (使)翻倒 vt. 使垮台,推翻;撤销(判决等) n. 推翻,垮台;瓦解;灭亡,毁灭

    overturn: over-翻转 + -turn-转 → 翻倒,推翻

  4. upturn [ˈʌptɜrn] n. 好转;上升趋势 vt.& vi. 翻转;(使)朝上

    upturn: up-向上 + -turn-转 → 向上转 → 朝上,上升,好转

单词家谱

鼠标或手指放在单词上看含义,点击单词看详细信息

turn 旋转,转动

来自古英语 turnian,旋转,转动,来自拉丁语 tornare,磨,磨圆,用车床加工,来自 PIE*ter,*tere,转动,摩擦,旋转,可能缩写自 PIE*stwer,转动,旋转,词源同 storm,stir,turbid.

turn 转,转动,旋转

词根词缀:tur(-tour-)迂回,转 + n

turn (v.)

late Old English turnian "to rotate, revolve," in part also from Old French torner "to turn away or around; draw aside, cause to turn; change, transform; turn on a lathe" (Modern French tourner), both from Latin tornare "to polish, round off, fashion, turn on a lathe," from tornus "lathe," from Greek tornos "lathe, tool for drawing circles," from PIE root *tere- (1) "to rub, turn." Transitive sense in English is from c. 1300. Related: Turned; turning.

Use in expression to turn (something) into (something else) probably retains the classical sense of "to shape on a lathe." To turn up "arrive, make an appearance" is recorded from 1755. Turn about "by turns, alternately" is recorded from 1640s. To turn (something) loose "set free" is recorded from 1590s. Turn down (v.) "reject" first recorded 1891, American English. Turn in "go to bed" is attested from 1690s, originally nautical. To turn the stomach "nauseate" is recorded from 1620s. To turn up one's nose as an expression of contempt is attested from 1779.

Turning point is attested by 1640s in a figurative sense "point at which a decisive change takes place;" literal sense "point on which a thing turns; point at which motion in one direction ceases and that in another or contrary direction begins" is from 1660s.

turn (n.)

c. 1200, "action of rotating," from Anglo-French tourn (Old French torn, tour), from Latin tornus "turning lathe;" also partly from turn (v.). Meaning "an act of turning, a single revolution or part of a revolution" is attested from late 15c. Sense of "place of bending" (in a road, river, etc.) is recorded from early 15c. Meaning "beginning of a period of time" is attested from 1853 (as in turn-of-the-century, from 1921 as an adjectival phrase).

Sense of "act of good will" is recorded from c. 1300. Meaning "spell of work" is from late 14c.; that of "an individual's time for action, when these go around in succession" is recorded from late 14c. The automatic automobile turn-signal is from 1915. Turn-sick "dizzy," is attested from early 15c. Phrase done to a turn (1780) suggests meat roasted on a spit. The turn of the screw (1796) is the additional twist to tighten its hold, sometimes with reference to torture by thumbscrews.

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