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up

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[ʌp] [ʌp]

adv.在上面,在高处;起床,起来;向上;由低到高

adj.向上的;上升的;竖立的,垂直的;举起的

vt.& vi.增加;加速;提高;举起,拿起

prep.在…的上端;向高处;沿…而去;向…上游

n.上升,升高;兴旺,繁荣;上坡;(价格等)上涨

常用短语

  1. up on

    熟悉,精通

  2. up until

    一直到…为止

  3. up and doing

    敏捷,忙碌,活泼

场景例句

  1. I got up late.

    我起晚了。

    《牛津词典》

  2. We grew up together.

    我们是在一块儿长大的。

    《牛津词典》

  3. Her cheeks puffed up.

    她的腮帮子鼓了起来。

    《牛津词典》

  4. 更多双语例句 »

反义词

  • adv. 向上;在上面;起来
  • down

单词家谱

鼠标或手指放在单词上看含义,点击单词看详细信息

up 向上

来自 PIE*upo,在下面,从下往上,向上,词源同 sub-,over.

up (adv.)

Old English up, uppe, from Proto-Germanic *upp- "up" (source also of Old Frisian, Old Saxon up "up, upward," Old Norse upp; Danish, Dutch op; Old High German uf, German auf "up"; Gothic iup "up, upward," uf "on, upon, under;" Old High German oba, German ob "over, above, on, upon"), from PIE root *upo "under," also "up from under," hence also "over."

As a preposition, "to a higher place" from c. 1500; also "along, through" (1510s), "toward" (1590s). Often used elliptically for go up, come up, rise up, etc. Up the river "in jail" first recorded 1891, originally in reference to Sing Sing, which is up the Hudson from New York City. To drive someone up the wall (1951) is from the notion of the behavior of lunatics or caged animals. Insulting retort up yours (scil. ass) is attested by late 19c.

up (v.)

1550s, "to drive and catch (swans)," from up (adv.). Intransitive meaning "get up, rise to one's feet" (as in up and leave) is recorded from 1640s. Sense of "to move upward" is recorded from 1737. Meaning "increase" (as in up the price of oil) is attested from 1915. Compare Old English verb uppian "to rise up, swell." Related: Upped; upping. Upping block, used for mounting or dismounting horses, carriages, etc., is attested from 1796 (earlier was horsing-block, 1660s).

up (adj.)

c. 1300, "dwelling inland or upland," from up (adv.). Meaning "going up" is from 1784. From 1815 as "excited, exhilarated, happy," hence "enthusiastic, optimistic." Up-and-coming "promising" is from 1848. Musical up-tempo (adj.) is recorded from 1948.

up (n.)

"that which is up," 1530s, from up (adv.). Phrase on the up-(and-up) "honest, straightforward" first attested 1863, American English.

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