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while

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[waɪl] [hwaɪl, waɪl]

conj.在…期间;与…同时;虽然;而

n.(一段)时间

vt.消磨,打发(时间);(愉快而懒散地)度过(时间)(常与 away 连用)

常用短语

  1. while away

    消磨,消磨时间

  2. for a while

    暂时

  3. a while ago

    刚才,方才

  4. 更多词组短语 »

场景例句

  1. They chatted for a while.

    他们聊了一会儿。

    《牛津词典》

  2. Nina drowsed for a while.

    妮娜打了会儿瞌睡。

    《柯林斯英汉双解大词典》

  3. I waited while six o'clock.

    我一直等到了六点钟。

    《牛津词典》

  4. 更多双语例句 »

近义词

同义词辨析

  • 以下词都有“但是,可是,然而,而”的意思,区别是:
  • but 口语常用词,语气较强,泛指与前述情况相反。

    however 表转折关系,语气稍弱于but,连接性也弱一些,因而常作插入语。

    still 语气强,多用于肯定句或疑问句。指尽管作出让步,采取措施或表示反对,但情况仍然如故,无所改变。

    yet 常用于否定句,语气比still稍强。指不管作出多大努力或让步,仍达不到预期的结果。

    nevertheless 指尽管作出完全让步,也不会发生任何影响。

    while 表对比,一般可与whereas换用,但程度弱一些。

    whereas 表对比,一般可与while互换。

  • 这些连词均可表示"当……时"引出时间从句。
  • when 所引导的从句,其谓语动词既可是持续动词,也可是短暂动词;谓语动词动作发生的时间可以与主句谓语动词的动作是同时,或之前、之后。

    while 句中的谓语动词应为持续动词,不用短暂动词,谓语动作发生的时间通常与主句谓语动词动作发生时间是同时。

    as 侧重指从句与主句的动作同时进行,谓语动词可以是持续性的,可以是短暂性动词。

单词家谱

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while 在期间

来自古英语 hwil,一段时间,来自 PIE*kweie,休息,安静,词源同 quiet,quit.

while (n.)

Old English hwile, accusative of hwil "a space of time," from Proto-Germanic *hwilo (source also of Old Saxon hwil, Old Frisian hwile, Old High German hwila, German Weile, Gothic hveila "space of time, while"), originally "rest" (compare Old Norse hvila "bed," hvild "rest"), from PIE *kwi-lo-, suffixed form of root *kweie- "to rest, be quiet." Notion of "period of rest" became in Germanic "period of time."

Now largely superseded by time except in formulaic constructions (such as all the while). Middle English sense of "short space of time spent in doing something" now only preserved in worthwhile and phrases such as worth (one's) while. As a conjunction, "during or in the time that; as long as" (late Old English), it represents Old English þa hwile þe, literally "the while that." Form whiles is recorded from early 13c.; whilst is from late 14c., with unetymological -st as in amongst, amidst. Service while-you-wait is attested from 1911.

while (v.)

"to cause (time) to pass (without dullness)," 1630s, earlier "to occupy or engage (someone or something) for a period of time" (c. 1600), new formation from while (n.), not considered to be from Middle English hwulen "to have leisure," which is from a Germanic verb form of while (n.) (compare German weilen "to stay, linger"). An association with phrases such as Shakespearean beguile the day, Latin diem decipere, French tromper le temps "has led to the substitution of WILE v by some modern writers" [OED] (see wile (v.)).

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