外博词典,懂英语单词快速记忆法的在线英语词典

work

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[wɜrk] [wɜrk]

vt.& vi.使工作;使运作;操作;使产生效果

n.工作,操作;著作;工厂;行为,事业

vt.使工作;操作;经营;使缓慢前进

常用短语

  1. in work

    adv. 有工作,在完成之中

  2. work at

    从事于……,致力于……

  3. at work

    在工作,上班

  4. 更多词组短语 »

场景例句

  1. This is dry work.

    这是使人觉得口渴的工作。

    《牛津词典》

  2. Your work is sloppy.

    你的工作做得不认真。

    《牛津词典》

  3. I'm good at my work.

    我擅长我的工作。

    《柯林斯英汉双解大词典》

  4. 更多双语例句 »

反义词

同义词辨析

  • 以下词都有“职业”的意思,区别是:
  • profession 以前常指要受过高等教育(尤指法律、医学和神学)才能获得的职业,现在一般指为谋生日的职业,尤指从事脑力劳动和受过专门训练,具有某种专业知识的职业。

    job 通常指一切有收入,不分脑力与体力运动,不论是否有技艺的长期或临时的职业。

    occupation 泛指任何一种职业,既不分什么行业,也不管是脑力还是体力劳动。

    trade 指需要有熟练技巧、技能和体力的职业。

    vocation 较正式用词,语气庄重,指长期从事,但不一定以此为主计的职业。

    career 指经过专门训练,终身愿意从事的职业。

    work 指任何种类的工作,也泛指职业。

    employment 指受雇于他人,领取工资以谋生计,有较固定工作的职业。

  • 以下词都有“工作”的意思,区别是:
  • work 最普通用词,含义广,指人们日常生活和工作中所从事的有目的的体力或脑力劳动。

    task 通常指分派给的任务,也指自愿的工作,但往往是艰巨或令人厌烦的工作。

    job 多用于口语,侧重指受雇用的,以谋生为目的工作,不论有无技术,也不管是零工或散工。

    词根: -work- 做 , 工作
  1. work [wɜrk] vt.& vi. 使工作;使运作;操作;使产生效果 n. 工作,操作;著作;工厂;行为,事业 vt. 使工作;操作;经营;使缓慢前进

单词家谱

鼠标或手指放在单词上看含义,点击单词看详细信息

work 工作

来自PIE*werg,做,做工,词源同organ,urgent,wright.

来源于原始印欧语werg-/worg-(做,工作),经由名词形式wergon进入史前日耳曼语成为werkam,在日耳曼语族各语支中形成的词汇除了英语work,还有德语和荷兰语werk,瑞典语verk。

work (n.)

Old English weorc, worc "something done, discrete act performed by someone, action (whether voluntary or required), proceeding, business; that which is made or manufactured, products of labor," also "physical labor, toil; skilled trade, craft, or occupation; opportunity of expending labor in some useful or remunerative way;" also "military fortification," from Proto-Germanic *werka- "work" (source also of Old Saxon, Old Frisian, Dutch werk, Old Norse verk, Middle Dutch warc, Old High German werah, German Werk, Gothic gawaurki), from PIE *werg-o-, suffixed form of root *werg- "to do."

Meaning "physical effort, exertion" is from c. 1200; meaning "scholarly labor" or its productions is from c. 1200; meaning "artistic labor" or its productions is from c. 1200. Meaning "labor as a measurable commodity" is from c. 1300. Meaning "embroidery, stitchery, needlepoint" is from late 14c.

Work of art attested by 1774 as "artistic creation," earlier (1728) "artifice, production of humans (as opposed to nature)." Work ethic recorded from 1959. To be out of work "unemployed" is from 1590s. To make clean work of is from c. 1300; to make short work of is from 1640s.

Proverbial expression many hands make light work is from c. 1300. To have (one's) work cut out for one is from 1610s; to have it prepared and prescribed, hence, to have all one can handle. Work in progress is from 1930 in a general sense, earlier as a specific term in accountancy and parliamentary procedure.

Work is less boring than amusing oneself. [Baudelaire, "Mon Coeur mis a nu," 1862]
Work and play are words used to describe the same thing under differing conditions. [attributed to Mark Twain]

work (v.)

a fusion of Old English wyrcan (past tense worhte, past participle geworht) "prepare, perform, do, make, construct, produce; strive after" (from Proto-Germanic *wurkjanan); and Old English wircan (Mercian) "to operate, function, set in motion," a secondary verb formed relatively late from Proto-Germanic noun *werkan (see work (n.)).

Sense of "perform physical labor" was in Old English, as was sense "ply one's trade" and "exert creative power, be a creator." Transitive sense "manipulate (physical substances) into a desired state or form" was in Old English. Meaning "have the expected or desired effect" is from late 14c. In Middle English also "perform sexually" (mid-13c.). Related: Worked (15c.); wrought; working.

To work in "insert, introduce or intermix," as one material with another, is by 1670s; hence the figurative sense "cause to enter or penetrate by repeated efforts." To work up (transitive) "bring into some state or condition" is by 1590s of material things, 1690s of immaterial things; hence "bring by labor or special effort to a higher state or condition" (1660s). The meaning "excite, stir up, raise, rouse" is from c. 1600. To work over "beat up, thrash" is from 1927. To work against "attempt to subvert" is from late 14c.

To work out "bring about or procure (a result) by continued labor or effort" is by 1530s. As "bring to a fuller or finished state, elaborate, develop," by 1821. Meaning "to solve, calculate the solution to" a problem or question is by 1848. Intransitive sense "make its way out" is from c. 1600; the sense of "succeed" is attested by 1909. Sense of "exhaust (a mine, etc.) by working it" is from 1540s. The pugilistic sense of "box for practice (rather than in a contest) is by 1927, hence the general sense of "practice, rehearse" (1929) and that of "take exercise" (by 1948).

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