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you

小学初中CET4考研IELTSGRE

[ju] [jə]

pron.你;你们,您们;各位;大家

场景例句

  1. Have you got any money on you?

    你带钱了没有?

    《牛津词典》

  2. Are you sure you should be up?

    你肯定你该起床了吗?

    《柯林斯英汉双解大词典》

  3. You can come too, if you want.

    如果你想来也可以来。

    《牛津词典》

  4. 更多双语例句 »

单词家谱

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you 你,你们

来自 PIE*yu,二人称复数,词源同 ye,并逐渐取代二人称单数 thou,兼具单复数格。

you 你,你们

词源同 ye,ye表示“你们、汝等”,是you的过时用法,用于诗歌或宗教。参见ye.

you (pron.)

Old English eow, dative and accusative plural of þu (see thou), objective case of ge, "ye" (see ye), from Proto-Germanic *juz-, *iwwiz (source also of Old Norse yor, Old Saxon iu, Old Frisian iuwe, Middle Dutch, Dutch u, Old High German iu, iuwih, German euch), from PIE *yu, second person (plural) pronoun.

Pronunciation of you and the nominative form ye gradually merged from 14c.; the distinction between them passed out of general usage by 1600. Widespread use of French in England after 12c. gave English you the same association as French vous, and it began to drive out singular nominative thou, originally as a sign of respect (similar to the "royal we") when addressing superiors, then equals and strangers, and ultimately (by c. 1575) becoming the general form of address. Through 13c. English also retained a dual pronoun ink "you two; your two selves; each other."

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